Calorimetric study of tryptophan synthase alpha-subunit and two mutant proteins.


Abstract

Heat-denaturation of tryptophan synthase alpha-subunit from E. coli and two mutant proteins (Glu 49 leads to Gln or Ser; called Gln 49 or Ser 49, respectively) has been studied by the scanning microcalorimetric method at various pH, in an attempt to elucidate the role of individual amino acid residues in the conformational stability of a protein. The partial specific heat capacity in the native state at 20 degrees, Cp20, has been found to be (0.43 +/- 0.02) cal . k-1 . g-1, the unfolding heat capacity change, delta dCp, (0.10 +/- 0.01) cal . K-1 . g-1, and the unfolding enthalpy value extrapolated to 110 degrees, delta dh110, (9.3 +/- 0.5) cal . g-1 for the three proteins. The value of Cp20 was larger than those found for "fully compact protein" and that of delta dh110 was smaller. Unfolding Gibbs energy, delta dG at 25 degrees for Wild-type, Gln 49, and Ser 49 were 5.8, 8.4, and 7.1 kcal . mol-1 at pH 9.3, respectively. Unfolding enthalpy, delta dH, of the three proteins seemed to be the same and equal to (23.2 +/- 1.2) kcal . mol-1 at 25 degrees. As a consequence of the same value of delta dH and the different value in delta dG, substantial differences in unfolding entropy, delta dS, were found for the three proteins. The values of delta dG for the three proteins at 25 degrees coincided with those from equilibrium methods of denaturation by guanidine hydrochloride. Study holds ProTherm entries: 11726, 11727, 11728, 11729, 11730, 11731, 11732, 11733, 11734, 11735, 11736, 11737 Extra Details: additive : EDTA(1 mM), amino acid substitution; calorimetry of a protein; heat denaturation;,mutant protein; tryptophan synthase alpha-subunit

Submission Details

ID: zpiJPuTo3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:43 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Yutani K;Khechinashvili NN;Lapshina EA;Privalov PL;Sugino Y,Int. J. Pept. Protein Res. (1982) Calorimetric study of tryptophan synthase alpha-subunit and two mutant proteins. PMID:6816746
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1XCF 2004-11-02 1.8 Crystal structure of P28L/Y173F tryptophan synthase alpha-subunits from Escherichia coli
1WQ5 2005-02-15 2.3 Crystal structure of tryptophan synthase alpha-subunit from Escherichia coli
1V7Y 2005-02-15 2.5 Crystal structure of tryptophan synthase alpha-subunit from Escherichia coli at room temperature
1XC4 2004-11-02 2.8 Crystal structure of wild-type tryptophan synthase alpha-subunits from Escherichia coli

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
97.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7LS20 TRPA_ESCF3
97.8 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7NVN0 TRPA_ECO7I
98.1 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B1LH32 TRPA_ECOSM
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7N473 TRPA_ECOLU
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q0TIB0 TRPA_ECOL5
98.1 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7MU99 TRPA_ECO81
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7UR66 TRPA_ECO27
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q1RCA7 TRPA_ECOUT
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain A1AAN0 TRPA_ECOK1
98.5 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7ML76 TRPA_ECO45
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B5YZP0 TRPA_ECO5E
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q8X7B5 TRPA_ECO57
99.3 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q32GT0 TRPA_SHIDS
98.9 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q3Z108 TRPA_SHISS
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q0T5D6 TRPA_SHIF8
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q31ZV3 TRPA_SHIBS
99.3 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain Q8FHW0 TRPA_ECOL6
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B2U0F1 TRPA_SHIB3
99.3 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain A7ZL78 TRPA_ECO24
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7L492 TRPA_ECO55
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B6I9X4 TRPA_ECOSE
99.6 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B7LY16 TRPA_ECO8A
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain P0A878 TRPA_SHIFL
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain P0A877 TRPA_ECOLI
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B1ITJ5 TRPA_ECOLC
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain A7ZZJ6 TRPA_ECOHS
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain B1XBK9 TRPA_ECODH
100.0 Tryptophan synthase alpha chain C4ZTV3 TRPA_ECOBW