Differential stability of the bovine prion protein upon urea unfolding.


Abstract

Prion diseases, or transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, are a group of infectious neurological diseases associated with the structural conversion of an endogenous protein (PrP) in the central nervous system. There are two major forms of this protein: the native and noninfectious cellular form, PrP(C); and the misfolded, infectious, and proteinase K-resistant form, PrP(Sc). The C-terminal domain of PrP(C) is mainly alpha-helical in structure, whereas PrP(Sc) in known to aggregate into an assembly of beta-sheets, forming amyloid fibrils. To identify the regions of PrP(C) potentially involved in the initial steps of the conversion to the infectious conformation, we have used high-resolution NMR spectroscopy to characterize the stability and structure of bovine recombinant PrP(C) (residues 121 to 230) during unfolding with the denaturant urea. Analysis of the 800 MHz (1)H NMR spectra reveals region-specific information about the structural changes occurring upon unfolding. Our data suggest that the dissociation of the native beta-sheet of PrP(C) is a primary step in the urea-induced unfolding process, while strong hydrophobic interactions between helices alpha1 and alpha3, and between alpha2 and alpha3, stabilize these regions even at very high concentrations of urea. Study holds ProTherm entries: 25274, 25275, 25276, 25277, 25278, 25279, 25280, 25281 Extra Details: Buffer contains 0.3 mM of deuterated 2,2-dimethyl-2-silapentane-5-sulfonic acid (DSSd6) and 0.012% (w/v) NaN3. Resonance at Y162.Halpha NMR; PrP; stability; urea unfolding; structural conversion

Submission Details

ID: zmvQpwDJ

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:55 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Julien O;Chatterjee S;Thiessen A;Graether SP;Sykes BD,Protein Sci. (2009) Differential stability of the bovine prion protein upon urea unfolding. PMID:19693935
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