Conformational stability and activity of ribonuclease T1 and mutants. Gln25----Lys, Glu58----Ala, and the double mutant.


Abstract

Ribonuclease T1 (RNase T1) and mutants Gln25----Lys, Glu58----Ala, and the double mutant were prepared from a chemically synthesized gene, cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The wild-type RNase T1 prepared from the cloned gene was identical in every functional and physical property examined to RNase T1 prepared from Aspergillus oryzae. Urea and thermal unfolding experiments show that Gln25----Lys is 0.9 kcal/mol more stable and Glu58----Ala is 0.8 kcal/mol less stable than wild-type RNase T1. In the double mutant, these contributions cancel and the stability does not differ significantly from that of wild-type RNase T1. For the double mutant, the dependence of delta G on urea concentration is significantly greater than for wild-type RNase T1 or the single mutants. This suggests that the double mutant unfolds more completely in urea than the other proteins. The activity of Gln25----Lys is identical with that of wild-type RNase T1. The activities of Glu58----Ala and the double mutant are 7% of wild-type when GpC hydrolysis is measured (due to a 35-fold decrease in kcat), and 37% of wild-type when RNA hydrolysis is measured. Thus, Glu58 is important, but not essential to the activity of RNase T1. Study holds ProTherm entries: 2292, 2293, 2294, 2295, 2296, 2297, 2298, 2299, 13987, 13988, 13989 Extra Details: Ribonuclease T1; conformational stability; activity; thermal unfolding

Submission Details

ID: z2jy6wsj3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:18 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Shirley BA;Stanssens P;Steyaert J;Pace CN,J. Biol. Chem. (1989) Conformational stability and activity of ribonuclease T1 and mutants. Gln25----Lys, Glu58----Ala, and the double mutant. PMID:2663837
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1B2M 1998-11-27T00:00:00+0000 2.0 THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF RIBONULCEASE T1 COMPLEXED WITH AN ISOSTERIC PHOSPHONATE ANALOGUE OF GPU: ALTERNATE SUBSTRATE BINDING MODES AND CATALYSIS.
1BIR 1996-01-04T00:00:00+0000 1.8 RIBONUCLEASE T1, PHE 100 TO ALA MUTANT COMPLEXED WITH 2' GMP
1BU4 1998-09-11T00:00:00+0000 1.9 RIBONUCLEASE 1 COMPLEX WITH 2'GMP
1BVI 1998-09-15T00:00:00+0000 1.9 RIBONUCLEASE T1 (WILDTYPE) COMPLEXED WITH 2'GMP
1CH0 1999-03-30T00:00:00+0000 2.3 RNASE T1 VARIANT WITH ALTERED GUANINE BINDING SEGMENT
1DET 1996-02-20T00:00:00+0000 1.8 RIBONUCLEASE T1 CARBOXYMETHYLATED AT GLU 58 IN COMPLEX WITH 2'GMP
1FYS 2000-10-03T00:00:00+0000 2.0 Ribonuclease T1 V16C mutant
1FZU 2000-10-04T00:00:00+0000 1.8 RNAse T1 V78A mutant
1G02 2000-10-05T00:00:00+0000 1.86 Ribonuclease T1 V16S mutant
1GSP 1997-11-28T00:00:00+0000 2.2 RIBONUCLEASE T1 COMPLEXED WITH 2',3'-CGPS, 1 DAY

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Guanyl-specific ribonuclease T1 P00651 RNT1_ASPOR