The structure, stability, and folding process of amyloidogenic mutant human lysozyme.


Abstract

The physicochemical properties of an amyloidogenic mutant human lysozyme (Ile56Thr) were examined in order to elucidate the mechanism of amyloid formation. The crystal structure of the mutant protein was the same as the wild-type structure, except that the hydroxyl group of the introduced Thr56 formed a hydrogen bond with a water molecule in the interior of the protein. The other physicochemical properties of the mutant protein in the native state were not different from those of the wild-type protein. However, the equilibrium and kinetic stabilities of the mutant protein were remarkably decreased due to the introduction of a polar residue (Thr) in the interior of the molecule. It can be concluded that the amyloid formation of the mutant human lysozyme is due to a tendency to favor (partly or/and completely) denatured structures. Study holds ProTherm entries: 808, 809, 810, 811, 812, 13427 Extra Details: amyloid formation; denatured state of a protein; human lysozyme;,mutant protein; stability of amyloidogenic protein

Submission Details

ID: yydiEASF4

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:15 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Funahashi J;Takano K;Ogasahara K;Yamagata Y;Yutani K,J. Biochem. (1996) The structure, stability, and folding process of amyloidogenic mutant human lysozyme. PMID:9010773
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
133L 1993-06-01T00:00:00+0000 1.77 ROLE OF ARG 115 IN THE CATALYTIC ACTION OF HUMAN LYSOZYME. X-RAY STRUCTURE OF HIS 115 AND GLU 115 MUTANTS
134L 1993-06-01T00:00:00+0000 1.77 ROLE OF ARG 115 IN THE CATALYTIC ACTION OF HUMAN LYSOZYME. X-RAY STRUCTURE OF HIS 115 AND GLU 115 MUTANTS
1B5U 1999-01-11T00:00:00+0000 1.8 CONTRIBUTION OF HYDROGEN BONDS TO THE CONFORMATIONAL STABILITY OF HUMAN LYSOZYME: CALORIMETRY AND X-RAY ANALYSIS OF SIX SER->ALA MUTANT
1B5V 1999-01-11T00:00:00+0000 2.17 CONTRIBUTION OF HYDROGEN BONDS TO THE CONFORMATIONAL STABILITY OF HUMAN LYSOZYME: CALORIMETRY AND X-RAY ANALYSIS OF SIX SER->ALA MUTANTS
1B5W 1999-01-11T00:00:00+0000 2.17 CONTRIBUTION OF HYDROGEN BONDS TO THE CONFORMATIONAL STABILITY OF HUMAN LYSOZYME: CALORIMETRY AND X-RAY ANALYSIS OF SIX SER->ALA MUTANTS
1B5X 1999-01-11T00:00:00+0000 2.0 Contribution of hydrogen bonds to the conformational stability of human lysozyme: calorimetry and x-ray analysis of six ser->ala mutants
1B5Y 1999-01-11T00:00:00+0000 2.2 CONTRIBUTION OF HYDROGEN BONDS TO THE CONFORMATIONAL STABILITY OF HUMAN LYSOZYME: CALORIMETRY AND X-RAY ANALYSIS OF SIX SER->ALA MUTANTS
1B5Z 1999-01-11T00:00:00+0000 2.2 CONTRIBUTION OF HYDROGEN BONDS TO THE CONFORMATIONAL STABILITY OF HUMAN LYSOZYME: CALORIMETRY AND X-RAY ANALYSIS OF SIX SER->ALA MUTANTS
1B7L 1999-01-24T00:00:00+0000 1.8 VERIFICATION OF SPMP USING MUTANT HUMAN LYSOZYMES
1B7M 1999-01-24T00:00:00+0000 2.2 VERIFICATION OF SPMP USING MUTANT HUMAN LYSOZYMES

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
96.9 Lysozyme C P79180 LYSC_HYLLA
99.2 Lysozyme C P79239 LYSC_PONPY
100.0 Lysozyme C P79179 LYSC_GORGO
100.0 Lysozyme C P61628 LYSC_PANTR
100.0 Lysozyme C P61627 LYSC_PANPA
100.0 Lysozyme C P61626 LYSC_HUMAN