Canonical glutathione (GSH) transferases are dimeric proteins with subunits composed of an N-terminal GSH binding region (domain 1) and a C-terminal helical region (domain 2). The stabilities of several GSH transferase dimers are dependent upon two groups of interactions between domains 1 and 2 of opposing subunits: a hydrophobic ball-and-socket motif and a buried charge cluster motif. In rGSTM1-1, these motifs involve residues F56 and R81, respectively. The structural basis for the effects of mutating F56 to different residues on dimer stability and function has been reported (Codreanu et al. (2005) Biochemistry 44, 10605-10612). Here, we show that the simultaneous disruption of both motifs in the F56S/R81A mutant causes complete dissociation of the dimer to a monomeric protein on the basis of gel filtration chromatography and multiple-angle laser light scattering. The fluorescence and far-UV CD properties of the double mutant as well as the kinetics of amide H/D exchange along the polypeptide backbone suggest that the monomer has a globular structure that is similar to a single subunit in the native protein. However, the mutant monomer has severely impaired catalytic activity, suggesting that the dimer interface is vital for efficient catalysis. Backbone amide H/D exchange kinetics in the F56S and F56S/R81A mutants indicate that a reorganization of the loop structure between helix alpha2 and strand beta3 near the active site is responsible for the decreased catalytic activity of the monomer. In addition, the junction between the alpha4 and alpha5 helices in F56S/R81R shows decreased H/D exchange, indicating another structural change that may affect catalysis. Although the native subunit interface is important for dimer stability, urea-induced unfolding of the F56S/R81A mutant suggests that the interface is not essential for the thermodynamic stability of individual subunits. The H/D exchange data reveal a possible molecular basis for the folding cooperativity observed between domains 1 and 2. Study holds ProTherm entries: 19845 Extra Details: 1 mM EDTA and 0.02% NaH3 were added in the experiment GSH binding region; hydrophobic ball-and-socket motif; catalytic activity; folding cooperativity
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:52 p.m.
|Number of data points||3|
|Proteins||Glutathione S-transferase Mu 1 ; Glutathione S-transferase Mu 1|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: Cm ; Experimental Assay: m ; Experimental Assay: dG_H2O|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence PMILGYWNVRGLTHPIRLLLEYTDSSYEEKRYAMGDAPDYDRSQWLNEKFKLGLDFPNLPYLIDGSRKITQSNAIMRYLARKHHLCGETEEERIRADIVENQVMDNRMQLIMLCYNPDFEKQKPEFLKTIPEKMKLYSEFLGKRPWFAGDKVTYVDFLAYDILDQYHIFEPKCLDAFPNLKDFLARFEGLKKISAYMKSSRYLSTPIFSKLAQWSNK|