Estimating the contribution of engineered surface electrostatic interactions to protein stability by using double-mutant cycles.


Abstract

Coulombic interactions between charges on the surface of proteins contribute to stability. It is difficult, however, to estimate their importance by protein engineering methods because mutation of one residue in an ion pair alters the energetics of many interactions in addition to the coulombic energy between the two components. We have estimated the interaction energy between two charged residues, Asp-12 and Arg-16, in an alpha-helix on the surface of a barnase mutant by invoking a double-mutant cycle involving wild-type enzyme (Asp-12, Thr-16), the single mutants Thr----Arg-16 and Asp----Ala-12, and the double mutant Asp----Ala-12, Thr----Arg-16. The changes in free energy of unfolding of the single mutants are not additive because of the coulombic interaction energy. Additivity is restored at high concentrations of salt that shield electrostatic interactions. The geometry of the ion pair in the mutant was assumed to be the same as that in the highly homologous ribonuclease from Bacillus intermedius, binase, which has Asp-12 and Arg-16 in the native enzyme. The ion pair does not form a hydrogen-bonded salt bridge, but the charges are separated by 5-6 A. The mutant barnase containing the ion pair Asp-12/Arg-16 is more stable than wild type by 0.5 kcal/mol, but only a part of the increased stability is attributable to the electrostatic interaction. We present a formal analysis of how double-mutant cycles can be used to measure the energetics of pairwise interactions. Study holds ProTherm entries: 3682, 3683, 3684, 3685 Extra Details: dG and ddG were measured in the presence of [urea]50% surface electrostatic interactions; double-mutant cycles;,interaction energy; additivity; pairwise interactions

Submission Details

ID: y3VaHEG44

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:22 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Serrano L;Horovitz A;Avron B;Bycroft M;Fersht AR,Biochemistry (1990) Estimating the contribution of engineered surface electrostatic interactions to protein stability by using double-mutant cycles. PMID:2248951
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1BNR 1995-07-31 BARNASE
1FW7 2003-06-10 NMR STRUCTURE OF 15N-LABELED BARNASE
2KF3 2009-12-08 Barnase, low pressure reference NMR structure
2KF5 2009-12-08 Barnase bound to d(CGAC), low pressure
2KF6 2009-12-08 Barnase bound to d(CGAC) high pressure
2KF4 2009-12-08 Barnase high pressure structure
2C4B 2005-11-21 1.3 Inhibitor cystine knot protein McoEeTI fused to the catalytically inactive barnase mutant H102A
1A2P 1998-04-29 1.5 BARNASE WILDTYPE STRUCTURE AT 1.5 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
2ZA4 2008-05-20 1.58 Crystal Structural Analysis of Barnase-barstar Complex
1B20 1998-12-09 1.7 DELETION OF A BURIED SALT-BRIDGE IN BARNASE
1BRN 1994-01-31 1.76 SUBSITE BINDING IN AN RNASE: STRUCTURE OF A BARNASE-TETRANUCLEOTIDE COMPLEX AT 1.76 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1B2X 1998-12-09 1.8 BARNASE WILDTYPE STRUCTURE AT PH 7.5 FROM A CRYO_COOLED CRYSTAL AT 100K
1B2S 1998-12-08 1.82 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1RNB 1992-07-15 1.9 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF A BARNASE-D(*GP*C) COMPLEX AT 1.9 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1BRI 1995-07-10 1.9 BARNASE MUTANT WITH ILE 76 REPLACED BY ALA
1X1Y 2005-04-26 1.9 Water-mediate interaction at aprotein-protein interface
3KCH 2010-03-09 1.94 Baranase crosslinked by glutaraldehyde
2F5M 2006-04-25 1.95 Cross-linked barnase soaked in bromo-ethanol
2F56 2006-04-25 1.96 Barnase cross-linked with glutaraldehyde soaked in 6M urea
1BRH 1995-07-10 2.0 BARNASE MUTANT WITH LEU 14 REPLACED BY ALA
1BRS 1994-06-22 2.0 PROTEIN-PROTEIN RECOGNITION: CRYSTAL STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF A BARNASE-BARSTAR COMPLEX AT 2.0-A RESOLUTION
1BSB 1994-01-31 2.0 CRYSTAL STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF MUTATIONS IN THE HYDROPHOBIC CORES OF BARNASE
1BRK 1995-07-10 2.0 BARNASE MUTANT WITH ILE 96 REPLACED BY ALA
1B21 1998-12-09 2.0 DELETION OF A BURIED SALT BRIDGE IN BARNASE
1BRJ 1995-07-10 2.0 BARNASE MUTANT WITH ILE 88 REPLACED BY ALA
1BNF 1995-07-10 2.0 BARNASE T70C/S92C DISULFIDE MUTANT
2F5W 2006-04-25 2.0 Cross-linked barnase soaked in 3 M thiourea
1BSA 1994-01-31 2.0 CRYSTAL STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF MUTATIONS IN THE HYDROPHOBIC CORES OF BARNASE
1BSE 1994-01-31 2.0 CRYSTAL STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF MUTATIONS IN THE HYDROPHOBIC CORES OF BARNASE
1BSC 1994-01-31 2.0 CRYSTAL STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF MUTATIONS IN THE HYDROPHOBIC CORES OF BARNASE
1B2Z 1998-12-09 2.03 DELETION OF A BURIED SALT BRIDGE IN BARNASE
1BNS 1994-06-22 2.05 STRUCTURAL STUDIES OF BARNASE MUTANTS
1BNE 1995-07-10 2.1 BARNASE A43C/S80C DISULFIDE MUTANT
1B2U 1998-12-09 2.1 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1BNI 1995-09-15 2.1 BARNASE WILDTYPE STRUCTURE AT PH 6.0
1X1W 2005-04-26 2.1 Water-mediate interaction at aprotein-protein interface
1BNJ 1995-09-15 2.1 BARNASE WILDTYPE STRUCTURE AT PH 9.0
1B27 1998-12-09 2.1 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1BNG 1995-07-10 2.1 BARNASE S85C/H102C DISULFIDE MUTANT
2F4Y 2006-04-25 2.15 Barnase cross-linked with glutaraldehyde
3Q3F 2012-01-25 2.17 Engineering Domain-Swapped Binding Interfaces by Mutually Exclusive Folding: Insertion of Ubiquitin into position 103 of Barnase
1BRG 1994-06-22 2.2 CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS OF PHE->LEU SUBSTITUTION IN THE HYDROPHOBIC CORE OF BARNASE
1BAN 1993-10-31 2.2 THE CONTRIBUTION OF BURIED HYDROGEN BONDS TO PROTEIN STABILITY: THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF TWO BARNASE MUTANTS
1BAO 1993-10-31 2.2 THE CONTRIBUTION OF BURIED HYDROGEN BONDS TO PROTEIN STABILITY: THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF TWO BARNASE MUTANTS
1YVS 1999-02-02 2.2 Trimeric domain swapped barnase
3DA7 2009-04-14 2.25 A conformationally strained, circular permutant of barnase
1X1X 2005-04-26 2.3 Water-mediate interaction at aprotein-protein interface
1X1U 2005-04-26 2.3 Water-mediate interaction at aprotein-protein interface
1BSD 1994-01-31 2.3 CRYSTAL STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF MUTATIONS IN THE HYDROPHOBIC CORES OF BARNASE
1B3S 1998-12-09 2.39 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1BGS 1994-04-30 2.6 RECOGNITION BETWEEN A BACTERIAL RIBONUCLEASE, BARNASE, AND ITS NATURAL INHIBITOR, BARSTAR

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
97.3 Ribonuclease P35078 RN_BACCI
100.0 Ribonuclease P00648 RNBR_BACAM