Estimating the contribution of engineered surface electrostatic interactions to protein stability by using double-mutant cycles.


Abstract

Coulombic interactions between charges on the surface of proteins contribute to stability. It is difficult, however, to estimate their importance by protein engineering methods because mutation of one residue in an ion pair alters the energetics of many interactions in addition to the coulombic energy between the two components. We have estimated the interaction energy between two charged residues, Asp-12 and Arg-16, in an alpha-helix on the surface of a barnase mutant by invoking a double-mutant cycle involving wild-type enzyme (Asp-12, Thr-16), the single mutants Thr----Arg-16 and Asp----Ala-12, and the double mutant Asp----Ala-12, Thr----Arg-16. The changes in free energy of unfolding of the single mutants are not additive because of the coulombic interaction energy. Additivity is restored at high concentrations of salt that shield electrostatic interactions. The geometry of the ion pair in the mutant was assumed to be the same as that in the highly homologous ribonuclease from Bacillus intermedius, binase, which has Asp-12 and Arg-16 in the native enzyme. The ion pair does not form a hydrogen-bonded salt bridge, but the charges are separated by 5-6 A. The mutant barnase containing the ion pair Asp-12/Arg-16 is more stable than wild type by 0.5 kcal/mol, but only a part of the increased stability is attributable to the electrostatic interaction. We present a formal analysis of how double-mutant cycles can be used to measure the energetics of pairwise interactions. Study holds ProTherm entries: 3682, 3683, 3684, 3685 Extra Details: dG and ddG were measured in the presence of [urea]50% surface electrostatic interactions; double-mutant cycles;,interaction energy; additivity; pairwise interactions

Submission Details

ID: y3VaHEG44

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:22 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Serrano L;Horovitz A;Avron B;Bycroft M;Fersht AR,Biochemistry (1990) Estimating the contribution of engineered surface electrostatic interactions to protein stability by using double-mutant cycles. PMID:2248951
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1A2P 1998-01-07T00:00:00+0000 1.5 BARNASE WILDTYPE STRUCTURE AT 1.5 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1B20 1998-12-03T00:00:00+0000 1.7 DELETION OF A BURIED SALT-BRIDGE IN BARNASE
1B21 1998-12-03T00:00:00+0000 2.0 DELETION OF A BURIED SALT BRIDGE IN BARNASE
1B27 1998-12-04T00:00:00+0000 2.1 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1B2S 1998-11-30T00:00:00+0000 1.82 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1B2U 1998-12-01T00:00:00+0000 2.1 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1B2X 1998-12-03T00:00:00+0000 1.8 BARNASE WILDTYPE STRUCTURE AT PH 7.5 FROM A CRYO_COOLED CRYSTAL AT 100K
1B2Z 1998-12-03T00:00:00+0000 2.03 DELETION OF A BURIED SALT BRIDGE IN BARNASE
1B3S 1998-12-01T00:00:00+0000 2.39 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1BAN 1993-05-19T00:00:00+0000 2.2 THE CONTRIBUTION OF BURIED HYDROGEN BONDS TO PROTEIN STABILITY: THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF TWO BARNASE MUTANTS

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
97.3 Ribonuclease P35078 RN_BACCI
100.0 Ribonuclease P00648 RNBR_BACAM