The protein scaffold is a peptide framework with a high tolerance of residue modifications. The cysteine-stabilized alphabeta motif (CS alphabeta) consists of an alpha-helix and an antiparallel triple-stranded beta-sheet connected by two disulfide bridges. Proteins containing this motif share low sequence identity but high structural similarity and has been suggested as a good scaffold for protein engineering. The Vigna radiate defensin 1 (VrD1), a plant defensin, serves here as a model protein to probe the amino acid tolerance of CS alphabeta motif. A systematic alanine substitution is performed on the VrD1. The key residues governing the inhibitory function and structure stability are monitored. Thirty-two of 46 residue positions of VrD1 are altered by site-directed mutagenesis techniques. The circular dichroism spectrum, intrinsic fluorescence spectrum, and chemical denaturation are used to analyze the conformation and structural stability of proteins. The secondary structures were highly tolerant to the amino acid substitutions; however, the protein stabilities were varied for each mutant. Many mutants, although they maintained their conformations, altered their inhibitory function significantly. In this study, we reported the first alanine scan on the plant defensin containing the CS alphabeta motif. The information is valuable to the scaffold with the CS alphabeta motif and protein engineering. Study holds ProTherm entries: 25234, 25235, 25236, 25237, 25238, 25239, 25240, 25241, 25242, 25243, 25244, 25245, 25246, 25247, 25248, 25249, 25250, 25251, 25252, 25253, 25254, 25255, 25256, 25257, 25258, 25259, 25260, 25261, 25262, 25263, 25264, 25265, 25266 Extra Details: 1mM EDTA was added in the experiment plant defensin; alpha-amylase; alanine scan; circular dichroism spectroscopy; fluorescence spectroscopy; protein engineering
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:55 p.m.
|Number of data points||33|
|Proteins||plant defensin ; Plant defensin|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: Cm|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence RTCMIKKEGWGKCLIDTTCAHSCKNRGYIGGNCKGMTRTCYCLVNC|