Surface electrostatic interactions contribute little of stability of barnase.


Abstract

Electrostatic interactions are believed to play an important role in stabilizing the native structure of proteins. We have quantified the contribution to stability of an interaction between two oppositely charged side-chains on the surface of barnase. Using site-directed mutagenesis, glutamate 28 and lysine 32 were introduced onto the solvent-accessible side of the second alpha-helix in barnase. These two residues are separated by one turn of the helix, and so are ideally situated for their opposite charges to interact. Double mutant cycle analysis reveals that the interaction between Glu28 and Lys32 contributes only approximately 0.2 kcal/mol to stability of the protein. All other interactions between exposed charged side-chains in barnase examined so far also contribute little to stability. We explain this low value by their location on the surface, rather than in the interior, of the protein. Study holds ProTherm entries: 190 Extra Details: protein stability; protein folding; electrostatics; salt bridges

Submission Details

ID: xjHfKobL4

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:14 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Sali D;Bycroft M;Fersht AR,J. Mol. Biol. (1991) Surface electrostatic interactions contribute little of stability of barnase. PMID:1870131
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1A2P 1998-01-07T00:00:00+0000 1.5 BARNASE WILDTYPE STRUCTURE AT 1.5 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION
1B20 1998-12-03T00:00:00+0000 1.7 DELETION OF A BURIED SALT-BRIDGE IN BARNASE
1B21 1998-12-03T00:00:00+0000 2.0 DELETION OF A BURIED SALT BRIDGE IN BARNASE
1B27 1998-12-04T00:00:00+0000 2.1 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1B2S 1998-11-30T00:00:00+0000 1.82 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1B2U 1998-12-01T00:00:00+0000 2.1 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1B2X 1998-12-03T00:00:00+0000 1.8 BARNASE WILDTYPE STRUCTURE AT PH 7.5 FROM A CRYO_COOLED CRYSTAL AT 100K
1B2Z 1998-12-03T00:00:00+0000 2.03 DELETION OF A BURIED SALT BRIDGE IN BARNASE
1B3S 1998-12-01T00:00:00+0000 2.39 STRUCTURAL RESPONSE TO MUTATION AT A PROTEIN-PROTEIN INTERFACE
1BAN 1993-05-19T00:00:00+0000 2.2 THE CONTRIBUTION OF BURIED HYDROGEN BONDS TO PROTEIN STABILITY: THE CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF TWO BARNASE MUTANTS

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
97.3 Ribonuclease P35078 RN_BACCI
100.0 Ribonuclease P00648 RNBR_BACAM