P22 Arc repressor: folding kinetics of a single-domain, dimeric protein.


Abstract

The rate constants for refolding and unfolding of the P22 Arc repressor dimer have been determined by stop-flow fluorescence experiments. Under most conditions, refolding is described well as a two-state reaction with a bimolecular rate-limiting step (kf approximately 10(7) M-1 s-1). A unimolecular step appears to become co-rate limiting at high protein concentrations. The urea dependence of the refolding reaction suggests that about 75% of the total burial of hydrophobic surface occurs between the unfolded state and the transition state for folding. Hydrophobic interactions are also evidenced by the temperature dependence of the refolding reaction; the rate increases with temperature and Arrhenius plots are curved, as expected for a reaction that proceeds with a significant heat capacity change. The refolding of Arc also proceeds more rapidly as the salt concentration is raised, presumably because repulsive interactions between monomers are screened. At a protein concentration of 10 microM, the apparent rate constant for refolding of the Arc dimer is approximately 100 s-1, as fast as the refolding of many monomeric proteins. The rate constant for unfolding is approximately 0.1 s-1, corresponding to a half-life of less than 10 s for the folded Arc dimer. This rate of unfolding is very fast in comparison to that of other characterized proteins and implies that a free Arc molecule must unfold and refold hundreds of times per generation in the cell. Study holds ProTherm entries: 4648, 4649 Extra Details: additive : EDTA(0.2 mM), rate constants; two-state reaction; hydrophobic surface;,bimolecular rate-limiting step; Arrhenius plots

Submission Details

ID: xJrVVCAh3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:26 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Milla ME;Sauer RT,Biochemistry (1994) P22 Arc repressor: folding kinetics of a single-domain, dimeric protein. PMID:8110744
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1ARQ 1994-01-31 RELAXATION MATRIX REFINEMENT OF THE SOLUTION STRUCTURE OF THE ARC REPRESSOR
1ARR 1994-01-31 RELAXATION MATRIX REFINEMENT OF THE SOLUTION STRUCTURE OF THE ARC REPRESSOR
1B28 1999-11-03 ARC REPRESSOR MYL MUTANT FROM SALMONELLA BACTERIOPHAGE P22
1QTG 1999-07-12 AVERAGED NMR MODEL OF SWITCH ARC, A DOUBLE MUTANT OF ARC REPRESSOR
1NLA 2003-03-18 Solution Structure of Switch Arc, a Mutant with 3(10) Helices Replacing a Wild-Type Beta-Ribbon
1BAZ 1998-06-17 1.9 ARC REPRESSOR MUTANT PHE10VAL
1U9P 2005-02-15 1.9 Permuted single-chain Arc
1MYL 1995-01-26 2.4 SUBSTITUTING HYDROPHOBIC RESIDUES FOR A BURIED SALT BRIDGE ENHANCES PROTEIN STABILITY BUT DOES NOT REDUCE CONFORMATIONAL SPECIFICITY
1MYK 1995-01-26 2.4 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE, FOLDING, AND OPERATOR BINDING OF THE HYPERSTABLE ARC REPRESSOR MUTANT PL8
1BDT 1999-02-16 2.5 WILD TYPE GENE-REGULATING PROTEIN ARC/DNA COMPLEX
1PAR 1994-07-31 2.6 DNA RECOGNITION BY BETA-SHEETS IN THE ARC REPRESSOR-OPERATOR CRYSTAL STRUCTURE
1BDV 1999-01-06 2.8 ARC FV10 COCRYSTAL

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Transcriptional repressor arc P03050 RARC_BPP22