The expression of bovine microsomal cytochrome b5 in Escherichia coli and a study of the solution structure and stability of variant proteins.


The DNA sequence of bovine microsomal cytochrome b5 has been amplified from a liver cDNA library using a polymerase chain reaction. The amplified cDNA when cloned into plasmids that support the high-level production of cytochrome b5 in E.coli leads to protein overexpression and results in cell colonies bearing a strong red colouration. Using cassette mutagenesis, truncated versions of the cytochrome b5 cDNA have been made that encode the first 90 amino acid residues (Ala1-Lys90), the first 104 amino acids (Ala1-Ser104) and the complete protein (Ala1-Asn133). The location of the overexpressed cytochrome b5 within prokaryotic cells is dependent on the overall length of the protein. Expression of the Ala-Lys90 and Ala1-Ser104 variants leads to a location in the cytoplasmic phase of the bacteria whereas the whole protein, Ala1-Asn133, is found within the bacterial membrane fraction. The last 30 residues of cytochrome b5 therefore contain all of the necessary information to insert the protein into E.coli membranes. The solubility of the Ala1-Ser104 variant permits the solution structure and stability of this protein to be measured using 1- and 2-D 1H-NMR methods and electronic spectroscopy. 1-D NMR studies show that the chemical shifts of the haem and haem ligand resonances of the Ala1-Ser104 variant exhibit only very slight perturbations to their magnetic microenvironments when compared with the tryptic fragment of ferricytochrome b5. These results indicate an arrangement of residues in the haem pocket that is very similar in both the Ala1-Ser104 variant and the tryptic fragment and by 2-D NMR it is shown that this similarity extends to the conformations of the polypeptide backbone and side chains. Electronic spectroscopy of this variant shows absorbance maxima for the Soret peaks at 423 nm (reduced) and 413 nm (oxidized). From absorbance spectra the relative thermal stabilities of the Ala1-Ser104 variant and the tryptic fragment were measured. In the oxidized state the Ala1-Ser104 variant denatures in a single cooperative transition with a midpoint temperature (Tm) of 73 degrees C that is significantly higher than that of 'tryptic' ferricytochrome b5. The reduced form of the protein shows increased transition temperatures (Tm approximately 78 degrees C) reflected in the values of delta Hm, delta Sm and delta(delta G) of 420 kJ/mol, 1096 J/mol/K and 12.38 kJ/mol respectively, estimated for this variant. The increased stability of the Ala1-Ser104 variant and other recombinant forms of cytochrome b5 is correlated with the presence of additional residues at the N- and C-termini.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) Study holds ProTherm entries: 9864, 9865, 9866, 9867, 9868, 9869, 9870, 9871, 9872, 9873, 9874, 14514, 14515, 14516, 14517 Extra Details: 1.oxidized,2.fragment Ala7-Lys90 cytochrome b5; expression in Escherichia coli; NMR;,protein denaturation and thermostability

Submission Details

ID: xCwaRSnr3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:38 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Hewson R;Newbold RJ;Whitford D,Protein Eng. (1993) The expression of bovine microsomal cytochrome b5 in Escherichia coli and a study of the solution structure and stability of variant proteins. PMID:8309945
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Cytochrome b5 P00171 CYB5_BOVIN
96.7 Cytochrome b5 P00172 CYB5_PIG
91.3 Cytochrome b5 P00170 CYB5_HORSE
91.3 Cytochrome b5 P00169 CYB5_RABIT
90.2 Cytochrome b5 P00167 CYB5_HUMAN
91.3 Cytochrome b5 P00173 CYB5_RAT
90.2 Cytochrome b5 P56395 CYB5_MOUSE
92.9 Cytochrome b5 P00168 CYB5_ALOSE