Importance of a conserved hydrogen-bonding network in cytochromes c to their redox potentials and stabilities.


To understand the determinants of redox potential and protein stability in c-type cytochromes, we have characterized two mutations to a highly conserved tyrosine group, tyrosine-75, of Rhodobacter capsulatus cytochrome c2. Mutant Y75F was designed to test the importance of the tyrosine hydroxyl group to the typically high redox potentials of the cytochromes c2 while maintaining a hydrophobic core. Mutant Y75C was designed to test the importance of a large hydrophobic group to redox potential by replacing an aromatic group with a small nonpolar group. Both mutants exhibit spectral and redox properties indicating that their heme environments have been perturbed. The kinetics of reduction by lumiflavin semiquinone and photooxidation by Rhodobacter sphaeroides photosynthetic reaction centers have been used to demonstrate that both mutants are structurally analogous to the wild-type protein at the active site of electron transfer. Different degrees of relative stability of the mutants toward a denaturant have been observed with the order being Y75C less than wt less than Y75F in the oxidized state and Y75C less than Y75F less than wt in the reduced state. These results are discussed in light of the recent structure determination of the R. capsulatus wild-type ferrocytochrome c2 to suggest that R. capsulatus tyrosine-75, or its equivalent in other species, is part of a conserved hydrogen-bonding network which plays an important role in maintaining high redox potentials and protein stability of cytochromes c in general. Study holds ProTherm entries: 4387, 4388, 4389, 4390, 4391, 4392 Extra Details: conserved tyrosine; redox potentials; hydrophobic core;,heme environments; active site; hydrogen-bonding network

Submission Details

ID: wpCfRePC4

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:25 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Caffrey MS;Daldal F;Holden HM;Cusanovich MA,Biochemistry (1991) Importance of a conserved hydrogen-bonding network in cytochromes c to their redox potentials and stabilities. PMID:1850617
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1C2N 1998-04-27T00:00:00+0000 0 CYTOCHROME C2, NMR, 20 STRUCTURES
1VYD 2004-04-27T00:00:00+0000 2.3 Crystal structure of cytochrome C2 mutant G95E

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Cytochrome c2 P00094 CYC2_RHOCB