Terminal ion pairs stabilize the second beta-hairpin of the B1 domain of protein G.


Abstract

The effects of terminal ion pairs on the stability of a beta-hairpin peptide corresponding to the C-terminal residues of the B1 domain of protein G were determined using thermal unfolding as monitored by nuclear magnetic resonance and circular dichroism spectroscopy. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were also performed to examine the effect of ion pairs on the structures. Eight peptides were studied including the wild type (G41) and the N-terminal modified sequences that had the first residue deleted (E42), replaced with a Lys (K41), or extended by an additional Gly (G40). Acetylated variants were made to examine the effect of removing the positive N-terminal charge on beta-hairpin stability. The rank in stability determined experimentally is K41 > E42 approximately G41 approximately G40 > Ac-K41 > Ac-E42 approximately Ac-G41 > Ac-G40. The Tm of the K41 peptide is 12 degrees C higher than G41, while the Tm values for the acetylated peptides are less than their unacetylated forms by more than 15 degrees C. NOE cross-peaks between side-chain methylene groups at the N- and C-termini and larger CalphaH shifts compared to random values are seen for K41. The addition of 20% methanol increases the stability in K41 and G41. The MD studies complement these results by showing that the charged N-terminus is important to stability. The type of ion pair observed varies with peptide, and when formed the simulations show that the ion pair can prevent fraying of the beta-strands through electrostatic and hydrophobic contacts. Therefore, introducing favorable electrostatic interactions at the N- and C-termini can substantially enhance beta-hairpin stability and help define the structure. Study holds ProTherm entries: 22038, 22039, 22040, 22041, 22042, 22043, 22044, 22045, 22046, 22047, 22048 Extra Details: B1 domain (N-terminal b-hairpin peptide is ADDYTWEK); Buffer used in the experiment is either 9:1 mixture of H2O and D2O or in 99.8% D2O in 5 mM sodium phosphate. beta-turn; ion pair; main-chain hydrogen bond; hydrophobic contacts; NMR; circular dichroism; molecular dynamic simulations

Submission Details

ID: vuzPhJa24

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:53 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Huyghues-Despointes BM;Qu X;Tsai J;Scholtz JM,Proteins (2006) Terminal ion pairs stabilize the second beta-hairpin of the B1 domain of protein G. PMID:16470585
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1EM7 2000-03-16T00:00:00+0000 2.0 HELIX VARIANT OF THE B1 DOMAIN FROM STREPTOCOCCAL PROTEIN G
1GB1 1991-05-15T00:00:00+0000 0 A NOVEL, HIGHLY STABLE FOLD OF THE IMMUNOGLOBULIN BINDING DOMAIN OF STREPTOCOCCAL PROTEIN G
1IGC 1994-08-05T00:00:00+0000 2.6 IGG1 FAB FRAGMENT (MOPC21) COMPLEX WITH DOMAIN III OF PROTEIN G FROM STREPTOCOCCUS
1IGD 1994-08-05T00:00:00+0000 1.1 THE THIRD IGG-BINDING DOMAIN FROM STREPTOCOCCAL PROTEIN G: AN ANALYSIS BY X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY OF THE STRUCTURE ALONE AND IN A COMPLEX WITH FAB
1LE3 2002-04-09T00:00:00+0000 0 NMR Structure of Tryptophan Zipper 4: A Stable Beta-Hairpin Peptide Based on the C-terminal Hairpin of the B1 Domain of Protein G
1MPE 2002-09-12T00:00:00+0000 0 Ensemble of 20 structures of the tetrameric mutant of the B1 domain of streptococcal protein G
1MVK 2002-09-25T00:00:00+0000 2.5 X-ray structure of the tetrameric mutant of the B1 domain of streptococcal protein G
1PGA 1993-11-23T00:00:00+0000 2.07 TWO CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF THE B1 IMMUNOGLOBULIN-BINDING DOMAIN OF STREPTOCOCCAL PROTEIN G AND COMPARISON WITH NMR
1PGB 1993-11-23T00:00:00+0000 1.92 TWO CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF THE B1 IMMUNOGLOBULIN-BINDING DOMAIN OF STREPTOCCOCAL PROTEIN G AND COMPARISON WITH NMR
1PGX 1992-04-03T00:00:00+0000 1.66 THE 1.66 ANGSTROMS X-RAY STRUCTURE OF THE B2 IMMUNOGLOBULIN-BINDING DOMAIN OF STREPTOCOCCAL PROTEIN G AND COMPARISON TO THE NMR STRUCTURE OF THE B1 DOMAIN

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Immunoglobulin G-binding protein G P19909 SPG2_STRSG
100.0 Immunoglobulin G-binding protein G P06654 SPG1_STRSG