Hydrogen-exchange stabilities of RNase T1 and variants with buried and solvent-exposed Ala --> Gly mutations in the helix.


Abstract

Hydrogen-exchange rates were measured for RNase T1 and three variants with Ala --> Gly substitutions at a solvent-exposed (residue 21) and a buried (residue 23) position in the helix: A21G, G23A, and A21G + G23A. These results were used to measure the stabilities of the proteins. The hydrogen-exchange stabilities (DeltaG(HX)) for the most stable residues in each variant agree with the equilibrium conformational stability measured by urea denaturation (DeltaG(U)), if the effects of D(2)O and proline isomerization are included [Huyghues-Despointes, B. M. P., Scholtz, J. M., and Pace, C. N. (1999) Nat. Struct. Biol. 6, 210-212]. These residues also show similar changes in DeltaG(HX) upon Ala --> Gly mutations (DeltaDeltaG(HX)) as compared to equilibrium measurements (DeltaDeltaG(U)), indicating that the most stable residues are exchanging from the globally unfolded ensemble. Alanine is stabilizing compared to glycine by 1 kcal/mol at a solvent-exposed site 21 as seen by other methods for the RNase T1 protein and peptide helix [Myers, J. K., Pace, C. N., and Scholtz, J. M. (1997) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 94, 3833-2837], while it is destabilizing at the buried site 23 by the same amount. For the A21G variant, only local NMR chemical shift perturbations are observed compared to RNase T1. For the G23A variant, large chemical shift changes are seen throughout the sequence, although X-ray crystal structures of the variant and RNase T1 are nearly superimposable. Ala --> Gly mutations in the helix of RNase T1 at both helical positions alter the native-state hydrogen-exchange stabilities of residues throughout the sequence. Study holds ProTherm entries: 5974, 5975, 5976, 5977 Extra Details: hydrogen-exchange rate; conformational stability;,proline isomerization; helical

Submission Details

ID: vWkakokq

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:31 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Huyghues-Despointes BM;Langhorst U;Steyaert J;Pace CN;Scholtz JM,Biochemistry (1999) Hydrogen-exchange stabilities of RNase T1 and variants with buried and solvent-exposed Ala --> Gly mutations in the helix. PMID:10600109
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1B2M 1998-11-27T00:00:00+0000 2.0 THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF RIBONULCEASE T1 COMPLEXED WITH AN ISOSTERIC PHOSPHONATE ANALOGUE OF GPU: ALTERNATE SUBSTRATE BINDING MODES AND CATALYSIS.
1BIR 1996-01-04T00:00:00+0000 1.8 RIBONUCLEASE T1, PHE 100 TO ALA MUTANT COMPLEXED WITH 2' GMP
1BU4 1998-09-11T00:00:00+0000 1.9 RIBONUCLEASE 1 COMPLEX WITH 2'GMP
1BVI 1998-09-15T00:00:00+0000 1.9 RIBONUCLEASE T1 (WILDTYPE) COMPLEXED WITH 2'GMP
1CH0 1999-03-30T00:00:00+0000 2.3 RNASE T1 VARIANT WITH ALTERED GUANINE BINDING SEGMENT
1DET 1996-02-20T00:00:00+0000 1.8 RIBONUCLEASE T1 CARBOXYMETHYLATED AT GLU 58 IN COMPLEX WITH 2'GMP
1FYS 2000-10-03T00:00:00+0000 2.0 Ribonuclease T1 V16C mutant
1FZU 2000-10-04T00:00:00+0000 1.8 RNAse T1 V78A mutant
1G02 2000-10-05T00:00:00+0000 1.86 Ribonuclease T1 V16S mutant
1GSP 1997-11-28T00:00:00+0000 2.2 RIBONUCLEASE T1 COMPLEXED WITH 2',3'-CGPS, 1 DAY

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Guanyl-specific ribonuclease T1 P00651 RNT1_ASPOR