The structure of the major transition state for folding of an FF domain from experiment and simulation.


Abstract

We have analysed the transition state of folding of the four-helix FF domain from HYPA/FBP11 by high-resolution experiment and simulation as part of a continuing effort to understand the principles of folding and the refinement of predictive methods. The major transition state for folding was subjected to a Phi-value analysis utilising 50 mutants. The transition state contained a nucleus for folding centred around the end of helix 1 (H1) and the beginning of helix 2 (H2). Secondary structure in this region was fully formed (PhiF=0.9-1) and tertiary interactions were well developed. Interactions in the distal part of the native structure were weak (PhiF=0-0.2). The hydrophobic core and other parts of the protein displayed intermediate Phi-values, suggesting that interactions coalesce as the end of H1 and beginning of H2 are in the process of being formed. The distribution of Phi-values resembled that of barnase, which folds via an intermediate, rather than that of CI2 which folds by a concerted nucleation-condensation mechanism. The overall picture of the transition state structure identified in molecular dynamics simulations is in qualitative agreement, with the turn connecting H1 and H2 being formed, a loosened core, and H4 partially unfolded and detached from the core. There are some differences in the details and interpretation of specific Phi-values. Study holds ProTherm entries: 19104, 19105, 19106, 19107, 19108, 19109, 19110, 19111, 19112, 19113, 19114, 19115, 19116, 19117, 19118, 19119, 19120, 19121, 19122, 19123, 19124, 19125, 19126, 19127, 19128, 19129, 19130, 19131, 19132, 19133, 19134, 19135, 19136, 19137, 19138, 19139, 19140, 19141, 19142, 19143, 19144, 19145, 19146, 19147, 19148, 19149, 19150, 19151 Extra Details: FF domain protein folding; phi-value analysis; FF domain; protein engineering; molecular dynamics simulation

Submission Details

ID: vLrxQtqX

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:51 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Jemth P;Day R;Gianni S;Khan F;Allen M;Daggett V;Fersht AR,J. Mol. Biol. (2005) The structure of the major transition state for folding of an FF domain from experiment and simulation. PMID:15935381
Additional Information

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