Equilibrium studies of the effect of difference in sequence homology on the mechanism of denaturation of bovine and horse cytochromes-c.


Abstract

We have carried out equilibrium studies of the effect of the amino acid residue difference in the primary structure of bovine cytochrome-c (b-cyt-c) and horse cyt-c (h-cyt-c) on the mechanism of their folding <--> unfolding processes at pH 6.0 and 25 degrees C. It has been observed that guanidinium chloride (GdmCl)-induced denaturation of b-cyt-c follows a two-state mechanism and that of h-cyt-c is not a two-state process. This conclusion is reached from the coincidence and non-coincidence of GdmCl-induced transition curves of bovine and horse proteins, respectively, monitored by measurements of absorbance at 405, 530 and 695 nm and circular dichroism (CD) at 222, 416 and 405 nm. These measurements on h-cyt-c in the presence of GdmCl in the concentration range 0.75-2.0 M also suggest that the protein retains all the native far-UV CD but has slightly perturbed tertiary interaction. The intermediate in the presence of these low denaturant concentrations does not have the structural characteristics of a molten globule as judged by the 8-Anilino-1-napthalene sulfonic acid (ANS) binding and near-UV CD experiments. We have also carried out thermal denaturation studies of bovine and horse cyts-c in the presence of GdmCl monitored by absorbance at 405 nm and far-UV CD at 222 nm. The heat-induced denaturation measurements in the presence of the denaturant show (1) that denaturation of b-cyt-c is a two-state process and that of h-cyt-c does not follow a two-state mechanism, and (2) that the enthalpy change on denaturation of both proteins strongly depends on GdmCl concentration. Study holds ProTherm entries: 15736, 15737, 15738, 15739, 15740, 15741, 15742, 15743, 15744, 15745, 15746, 15747, 15748, 15749, 15750, 15751, 15752, 15753, 15754, 15755, 15756, 15757, 15758, 15759, 15760, 15761, 15762, 15763, 15764, 15765, 15766, 15767, 15768, 15769, 15770, 15771, 15772, 15773, 15774, 15775, 15776, 15777, 15778, 15779, 15780, 15781, 15782, 15783, 15784, 15785, 15786, 15787 Extra Details: at molar absorption coefficient e = 405 nm. Even though the unit for 'm' is kJ/mol/M, here the unit is given as the authors assigned. Guanidinium chloride unfolding; Thermal unfolding; Protein stability; Circular dichroism; Molten globule

Submission Details

ID: uLQQjxGv

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:46 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Moza B;Qureshi SH;Ahmad F,Biochim. Biophys. Acta (2003) Equilibrium studies of the effect of difference in sequence homology on the mechanism of denaturation of bovine and horse cytochromes-c. PMID:12637011
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