Artificial sequences of the 153 amino acids have been designed to fit the main-chain framework of the sperm whale myoglobin (Mb) structure based on a knowledge-based 3D-1D compatibility method. The previously designed artificial globin (DG1) folded into a monomeric, compact, highly helical and globular form with overall dimensions similar to those of the target structure, but it lacked structural uniqueness at the side-chain level [Isogai, Y., Ota, M., Fujisawa, T. , Izuno, H., Mukai, M., Nakamura, H., Iizuka, T., and Nishikawa, K. (1999) Biochemistry 38, 7431-7443]. In this study, we redesigned hydrophobic sites of DG1 to improve the structural specificity. Several Leu and Met residues in DG1 were replaced with beta-branched amino acids, Ile and Val, referring to the 3D profile of DG1 to produce three redesigned globins, DG2-4. These residue replacements resulted in no significant changes of their compactness and alpha-helical contents in the absence of denaturant, whereas they significantly affected the dependence of the secondary structure on the concentration of guanidine hydrochloride. The analyses of the denaturation curves revealed higher global stabilities of the designed globins than that of natural apoMb. Among DG1-4, DG3, in which 11 Leu residues of DG1 are replaced with seven Ile and four Val residues, and one Met residue is replaced with Val, displayed the lowest stability but the most cooperative folding-unfolding transition and the most dispersed NMR spectrum with the smallest line width. The present results indicate that the replacements of Leu (Met) with the beta-branched amino acids at appropriate sites reduce the freedom of side-chain conformation and improve the structural specificity at the expense of stability. Study holds ProTherm entries: 7974 Extra Details: hydrophobic; beta-branched amino acids; compactness;,alpha-helical contents; structural specificity
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:35 p.m.
|Number of data points||1|
|Proteins||Myoglobin ; Myoglobin|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: dG_H2O|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence GLSDGEWQQVLNVWGKVEADIAGHGQEVLIRLFTGHPETLEKFDKFKHLKTEAEMKASEDLKKHGTVVLTALGGILKKKGHHEAELKPLAQSHATKHKIPIKYLEFISDAIIHVLHSKHPGDFGADAQGAMTKALELFRNDIAAKYKELGFQG|