Stability mutants of staphylococcal nuclease: large compensating enthalpy-entropy changes for the reversible denaturation reaction.


Abstract

By use of intrinsic fluorescence to determine the apparent equilibrium constant Kapp as a function of temperature, the midpoint temperature Tm and apparent enthalpy change delta Happ on reversible thermal denaturation have been determined over a range of pH values for wild-type staphylococcal nuclease and six mutant forms. For wild-type nuclease at pH 7.0, a Tm of 53.3 +/- 0.2 degrees C and a delta Happ of 86.8 +/- 1.4 kcal/mol were obtained, in reasonable agreement with values determined calorimetrically, 52.8 degrees C and 96 +/- 2 kcal/mol. The heat capacity change on denaturation delta Cp was estimated at 1.8 kcal/(mol K) versus the calorimetric value of 2.2 kcal/(mol K). When values of delta Happ and delta Sapp for a series of mutant nucleases that exhibit markedly altered denaturation behavior with guanidine hydrochloride and urea were compared at the same temperature, compensating changes in enthalpy and entropy were observed that greatly reduce the overall effect of the mutations on the free energy of denaturation. In addition, a correlation was found between the estimated delta Cp for the mutant proteins and the d(delta Gapp)/dC for guanidine hydrochloride denaturation. It is proposed that both the enthalpy/entropy compensation and this correlation between two seemingly unrelated denaturation parameters are consequences of large changes in the solvation of the denatured state that result from the mutant amino acid substitutions. Study holds ProTherm entries: 2427, 2428, 2429, 2430, 2431, 2432, 2433 Extra Details: staphylococcal nuclease; heat capacity change; enthalpy; entropy;,free energy

Submission Details

ID: t3SfgKhD

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:18 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Shortle D;Meeker AK;Freire E,Biochemistry (1988) Stability mutants of staphylococcal nuclease: large compensating enthalpy-entropy changes for the reversible denaturation reaction. PMID:3167015
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Thermonuclease P00644 NUC_STAAU
99.3 Thermonuclease Q5HHM4 NUC_STAAC
99.1 Thermonuclease Q99VJ0 NUC_STAAM
99.1 Thermonuclease Q7A6P2 NUC_STAAN
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GB41 NUC_STAAS
99.3 Thermonuclease Q8NXI6 NUC_STAAW
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GIK1 NUC_STAAR