Thermodynamics of staphylococcal nuclease denaturation. II. The A-state.


Staphylococcal nuclease, at low pH and in the presence of high salt concentrations, has previously been proposed to exist in a partially folded or molten globule form called the "A-state" (Fink et al., 1993, Protein Sci 2:1155-1160). We have found that the A-state of nuclease at pH 2.1 in the presence of moderate to high salt concentrations and at low temperature exists in a substantially folded form structurally more similar to a native state. The A-state has the far-UV circular dichroism spectra characteristic of the native protein, which indicates that it has a large degree of secondary structure. Upon heating, the A-state denatures with a sigmoidal change in far-UV ellipticity and an observable peak in a differential scanning calorimeter trace, indicating that it is thermodynamically distinct from the denatured state. Three different mutations in a residue normally buried in the protein's core stabilize or destabilize the A-state in the same way as they affect the denaturation of the native state. The A-state must, therefore, contain at least some tertiary packing of side chains. Unlike the native state, which shows cold denaturation at low temperatures, the A-state is most stable at temperatures below 0 degrees C. Study holds ProTherm entries: 2778, 2779, 2780, 2781, 2782 Extra Details: additive : EDTA(1 mM), denatured state; molten globule; protein denaturation;,structural intermediate; unfolding

Submission Details

ID: sh3cs8YZ

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:19 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Carra JH;Anderson EA;Privalov PL,Protein Sci. (1994) Thermodynamics of staphylococcal nuclease denaturation. II. The A-state. PMID:8069224
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Thermonuclease P00644 NUC_STAAU
99.3 Thermonuclease Q5HHM4 NUC_STAAC
99.1 Thermonuclease Q99VJ0 NUC_STAAM
99.1 Thermonuclease Q7A6P2 NUC_STAAN
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GB41 NUC_STAAS
99.3 Thermonuclease Q8NXI6 NUC_STAAW
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GIK1 NUC_STAAR