The equilibrium and kinetics of the unfolding and refolding of authentic and recombinant human alpha-lactalbumin, the latter of which had an extra methionine residue at the N-terminus, were studied by circular dichroism spectroscopy, and the results were compared with the results for bovine and goat alpha-lactalbumins obtained in our previous studies. As observed in the bovine and goat proteins, the presence of the extra methionine residue in the recombinant protein remarkably destabilized the native state, and the destabilization was entirely ascribed to an increase in the rate of unfolding. The thermodynamic stability of the native state against the unfolded state was lower, and the thermodynamic stability of the molten globule state against the unfolded state was higher for the human protein than for the other alpha-lactalbumins previously studied. Thus, the population of the molten globule intermediate was higher during the equilibrium unfolding of human alpha-lactalbumin by guanidine hydrochloride. Unlike the molten globule states of the bovine and goat proteins, the human alpha-lactalbumin molten globule showed remarkably more intense circular dichroism ellipticity than the native state in the far-ultraviolet region below 225 nm. During refolding from the unfolded state, human alpha-lactalbumin thus exhibited overshoot kinetics, in which the alpha-helical peptide ellipticity exceeded the native value when the molten globule folding intermediate was formed in the burst phase. The subsequent folding involved reorganization of nonnative secondary structures. It should be noted that the rate constant of the major refolding phase was approximately the same among the three types of alpha-lactalbumin and that the rate constant of unfolding was accelerated 18-600 times in the human protein, and these results interpreted the lower thermodynamic stability of this protein. Study holds ProTherm entries: 10183, 10184, 10185, 10186, 10187, 10188, 10189 Extra Details: rate of unfolding; thermodynamic stability; molten globule state;,secondary structures
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:39 p.m.
|Number of data points||14|
|Proteins||Alpha-lactalbumin ; Alpha-lactalbumin|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: m temp:20.0 C, pH:2.0 ; Experimental Assay: dG_H2O temp:20.0 C, pH:2.0 ; Experimental Assay: m temp:25.0 C, pH:7.0 ; Experimental Assay: dG_H2O temp:25.0 C, pH:7.0|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence MRFFVPLFLVGILFPAILAKQFTKCELSQLLKDIDGYGGIALPELICTMFHTSGYDTQAIVENNESTEYGLFQISNKLWCKSSQVPQSRNICDISCDKFLDDDITDDIMCAKKILDIKGIDYWLAHKALCTEKLEQWLCEKL|