To understand general aspects of stability and folding of c-type cytochromes, we have studied the folding characteristics of cytochrome c553 from Desulfovibrio vulgaris (Hildenborough). This cytochrome is structurally similar but lacks sequence homology to other heme proteins; moreover, it has an abnormally low reduction potential. Unfolding of oxidized and reduced cytochrome c553 by guanidine hydrochloride (GuHCl) was monitored by circular dichroism (CD) and Soret absorption; the same unfolding curves were obtained with both methods supporting that cytochrome c553 unfolds by an apparent two-state process. Reduced cytochrome c553 is 7(3) kJ/mol more stable than the oxidized form; accordingly, the reduction potential of unfolded cytochrome c553 is 100(20) mV more negative than that of the folded protein. In contrast to many other unfolded cytochrome c proteins, upon unfolding at pH 7.0 both oxidized and reduced heme in cytochrome c553 become high-spin. The lack of heme misligation in unfolded cytochrome c553 implies that its unfolded structure is less constrained than those of cytochromes c with low-spin, misligated hemes. Study holds ProTherm entries: 6761, 6762 Extra Details: circular dichroism; cytochrome c; electrochmistry; heme;,protein folding
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:32 p.m.
|Number of data points
|Cytochrome c-553 ; Cytochrome c-553
|Experimental Assay: Cm ; Experimental Assay: m ; Experimental Assay: dG_H2O
|Mutations for sequence ADGAALYKSCVGCHGADGSKQAMGVGHAVKGQKADELFKKLKGYADGSYGGEKKAVMTNLVKRYSDEEMKAMADYMSKL