Equilibrium dissociation and unfolding of the dimeric human papillomavirus strain-16 E2 DNA-binding domain.


Abstract

The equilibrium unfolding reaction of the C-terminal 80-amino-acid dimeric DNA-binding domain of human papillomavirus (HPV) strain 16 E2 protein has been investigated using fluorescence, far-UV CD, and equilibrium sedimentation. The stability of the HPV-16 E2 DNA-binding domain is concentration-dependent, and the unfolding reaction is well described as a two-state transition from folded dimer to unfolded monomer. The conformational stability of the protein, delta GH2O, was found to be 9.8 kcal/mol at pH 5.6, with the corresponding equilibrium unfolding/dissociation constant, Ku, being 6.5 x 10(-8) M. Equilibrium sedimentation experiments give a Kd of 3.0 x 10(-8) M, showing an excellent agreement between the two different techniques. Denaturation by temperature followed by the change in ellipticity also shows a concomitant disappearance of secondary and tertiary structures. The Ku changes dramatically at physiologically relevant pH's: with a change in pH from 6.1 to 7.0, it goes from 5.5 x 10(-8) M to 4.4 x 10(10) M. Our results suggest that, at the very low concentration of protein where DNA binding is normally measured (e.g., 10(-11) M), the protein is predominantly monomeric and unfolded. They also stress the importance of the coupling between folding and DNA binding. Study holds ProTherm entries: 9322, 9323, 9325, 9326, 9327, 9328 Extra Details: dimer; E2 DNA-binding domain; equilibrium unfolding;,human papillomavirus

Submission Details

ID: qFytjcBn

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:37 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Mok YK;de Prat Gay G;Butler PJ;Bycroft M,Protein Sci. (1996) Equilibrium dissociation and unfolding of the dimeric human papillomavirus strain-16 E2 DNA-binding domain. PMID:8745409
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