LytA amidase is the best known bacterial autolysin. It breaks down the N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine bonds in the peptidoglycan backbone of Streptococcus pneumoniae and requires the presence of choline residues in the cell-wall teichoic acids for activity. Genetic experiments have supported the hypothesis that its 36-kDa chain has evolved by the fusion of two independent modules: the NH2-terminal module, responsible for the catalytic activity, and the COOH-terminal module, involved in the attachment to the cell wall. The structural organization of LytA amidase and of its isolated COOH-terminal module (C-LytA) and the variations induced by choline binding have been examined by differential scanning calorimetry and analytical ultracentrifugation. Deconvolution of calorimetric curves have revealed a folding of the polypeptide chain in several independent or quasi-independent cooperative domains. Elementary transitions in C-LytA are close but not identical to those assigned to the COOH-terminal module in the complete amidase, particularly in the absence of choline. These results indicate that the NH2-terminal region of the protein is important for attaining the native tertiary fold of the COOH terminus. Analytical ultracentrifugation studies have shown that LytA exhibits a monomer <--> dimer association equilibrium, through the COOH-terminal part of the molecule. Dimerization is regulated by choline interaction and involves the preferential binding of two molecules of choline per dimer. Sedimentation velocity experiments give frictional ratios of 1.1 for C-LytA monomer and 1.4 for C-LytA and LytA dimers; values that deviated from that of globular rigid particles. When considered together, present results give evidence that LytA amidase might be described as an elongated molecule consisting of at least four domains per subunit (two per module) designated here in as N1, N2, C1, and C2. Intersubunit cooperative interactions through the C2 domain in LytA dimer occur under all experimental conditions, while C-LytA requires the saturation of low affinity choline binding sites. The relevance of the structural features deduced here for LytA amidase is examined in connection with its biological function. Study holds ProTherm entries: 5245, 5246, 5247, 5248, 5249, 5250, 5251 Extra Details: choline residues; activity; structural organization;,calorimetric curves; cooperative domains; structural features
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:29 p.m.
|Number of data points||21|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: dHcal ; Experimental Assay: Tm ; Experimental Assay: dHvH|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence MEINVSKLRTDLPQVGVQPYRQVHAHSTGNPHSTVQNEADYHWRKDPELGFFSHIVGNGCIMQVGPVDNGAWDVGGGWNAETYAAVELIESHSTKEEFMTDYRLYIELLRNLADEAGLPKTLDTGSLAGIKTHEYCTNNQPNNHSDHVDPYPYLAKWGISREQFKHDIENGLTIETGWQKNDTGYWYVHSDGSYPKDKFEKINGTWYYFDSSGYMLADRWRKHTDGNWYWFDNSGEMATGWKKIADKWYYFNEEGAMKTGWVKYKDTWYYLDAKEGAMVSNAFIQSADGTGWYYLKPDGTLADKPEFTVEPDGLITVK|