Role of the B helix in early folding events in apomyoglobin: evidence from site-directed mutagenesis for native-like long range interactions.


The folding pathways of four mutants in which bulky hydrophobic residues in the B helix of apomyoglobin (ApoMb) are replaced by alanine (I28A, L29A, I30A, and L32A) have been analyzed using equilibrium and kinetic methods employing NMR, CD, fluorescence and mass spectrometry. Hydrogen exchange pulse-labeling followed by mass spectrometry reveals detectable intermediates in the kinetic folding pathways of each of these mutants. Comparison of the quench-flow data analyzed by NMR for the wild-type protein and the mutants showed that the substitutions I28A, L29A and L32A lead to destabilization of the B helix in the burst phase kinetic intermediate, relative to wild-type apomyoglobin. In contrast, the I30A mutation apparently has a slight stabilizing effect on the B helix in the burst phase intermediate; under weak labeling conditions, residues in the C helix region were also relatively stabilized in the mutant compared to the wild-type protein. This suggests that native-like helix B/helix C packing interactions occur in the folding intermediate. The L32A mutant showed significantly lower proton occupancies in the burst phase for several residues in the G helix, specifically F106, I107, E109 and A110, which are in close proximity to L32 in the X-ray structure of myoglobin, providing direct evidence that native-like helix B/helix G contacts are formed in the apomyoglobin burst phase intermediate. The L29A mutation resulted in an increase in burst phase proton occupancies for several residues in the E helix. Since these regions of the B and E helices are not in contact in the native myoglobin structure, these effects suggest the possibility of non-native B/E packing interactions in the kinetic intermediate. The differing effects of these B helix mutations on the apomyoglobin folding process suggests that each side-chain plays a different and important role in forming stable structure in the burst phase intermediate, and points to a role for both native-like and non-native contacts in stabilization of the folding intermediate. Study holds ProTherm entries: 16756, 16757, 16758, 16759, 16760, 16761, 16762, 16763, 16764, 16765 Extra Details: myoglobin; NMR; quench-flow hydrogen exchange; mass spectrometry; mutant

Submission Details

ID: oofGRff64

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:48 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Nishimura C;Wright PE;Dyson HJ,J. Mol. Biol. (2003) Role of the B helix in early folding events in apomyoglobin: evidence from site-directed mutagenesis for native-like long range interactions. PMID:14607120
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Myoglobin P02185 MYG_PHYMC
96.8 Myoglobin Q0KIY5 MYG_KOGBR
96.8 Myoglobin P02184 MYG_KOGSI
92.9 Myoglobin Q0KIY1 MYG_BALBO
92.9 Myoglobin Q0KIY2 MYG_BALED
92.9 Myoglobin P02177 MYG_ESCRO
92.2 Myoglobin P02178 MYG_MEGNO
91.4 Myoglobin Q0KIY3 MYG_PENEL
91.4 Myoglobin P02181 MYG_INIGE
92.1 Myoglobin P02174 MYG_GLOME
90.9 Myoglobin P02179 MYG_BALAC
91.4 Myoglobin P02173 MYG_ORCOR
90.8 Myoglobin Q0KIY7 MYG1_STEAT
90.8 Myoglobin P68276 MYG_DELDE
90.8 Myoglobin P68279 MYG_TURTR
90.8 Myoglobin P68277 MYG_PHODA
90.8 Myoglobin P68278 MYG_PHOPH
90.3 Myoglobin P02180 MYG_BALPH
90.1 Myoglobin P02183 MYG_MESCA
90.1 Myoglobin Q0KIY0 MYG_MESST
90.1 Myoglobin P02182 MYG_ZIPCA