A mutant human lysozyme C77/95A, in which Cys77 and Cys95 are replaced with alanine, has been characterized by 8-fold greater secretion in yeast (Taniyama, Y., Yamamoto, Y., Nakao, M., Kikuchi, M., and Ikehara, M. (1988) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 152, 962-967) and almost the same three-dimensional structure as wild-type human lysozyme (Inaka, K., Taniyama, Y., Kikuchi, M., Morikawa, K., and Matsushima, M. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 12599-12603). To clarify the molecular features of C77/95A and the reason for its increased secretion in yeast, the stabilities of the mutant C77/95A and the wild-type proteins were examined by guanidine hydrochloride denaturation, and the unfolding-refolding kinetics were determined from circular dichroism and fluorescence stopped-flow measurements. Equilibrium experiments showed that the delta G of unfolding of C77/95A in water was 5.8 kcal/mol less stable than that of the wild-type protein at pH 4.0 and 10 degrees C. The unfolding rate of C77/95A was 4 orders of magnitude faster than that of the wild-type protein whereas the two proteins shared similar refolding rates. The slowly refolding phase of the wild-type protein disappeared in C77/95A, indicating that the disulfide bond affects this phase. These observations show that the disulfide bond Cys77-Cys95 contributes to the stabilization of the folded form of human lysozyme by suppressing the unfolding rate and that the increase in the unfolding rate, or the disappearance of the slowly refolding phase in vitro, could correlate with the increase in secretion efficiency in vivo. Study holds ProTherm entries: 823, 824, 825, 826 Extra Details: human lysozyme; circular dichroism; disulfide bond; stabilization;,folding mechanism
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:16 p.m.
|Number of data points||6|
|Proteins||Lysozyme C ; Lysozyme C ; Lysozyme C|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: dG_H2O pH:3.0 ; Experimental Assay: dG_H2O pH:4.0 ; Derived Quantity: ddG_H2O pH:3.0 ; Derived Quantity: ddG_H2O pH:4.0|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence KVFERCELARTLKRLGMDGYRGISLANWMCLAKWESGYNTRATNYNAGDRSTDYGIFQINSRYWCNDGKTPGAVNACHLSCSALLQDNIADAVACAKRVVRDPQGIRAWVAWRNRCQNRDVRQYVQGCGV|