Thermal adaptation of the yeast mitochondrial Hsp70 system is regulated by the reversible unfolding of its nucleotide exchange factor.


The Hsp70 protein switches during its functional cycle from an ADP-bound state with a high affinity for substrates to a low-affinity, ATP-bound state, with concomitant release of the client protein. The rate of the chaperone cycle is regulated by co-chaperones such as nucleotide exchange factors that significantly accelerate the ADP/ATP exchange. Mge1p, a mitochondrial matrix protein with homology to bacterial GrpE, serves as the nucleotide exchange factor of mitochondrial Hsp70. Here, we analyze the influence of temperature on the structure and functional properties of Mge1p from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mge1p is a dimer in solution that undergoes a reversible thermal transition at heat-shock temperatures, i.e. above 37 degrees C, that involves protein unfolding and dimer dissociation. The thermally denatured protein is unable to interact stably with mitochondrial Hsp70, and therefore is unable to regulate its ATPase and chaperone cycle. Crosslinking of wild-type mitochondria reveals that Mge1p undergoes the same dimer to monomer temperature-dependent shift, and that the nucleotide exchange factor does not associate with its Hsp70 partner at stress temperatures (i.e. > or =45 degrees C). Once the stress conditions disappear, Mge1p refolds and recovers both structure and functional properties. Therefore, Mge1p can act as a thermosensor for the mitochondrial Hsp70 system, regulating the nucleotide exchange rates under heat shock, as has been described for two bacterial GrpE proteins. The thermosensor activity is conserved in the GrpE-like nucleotide exchange factors although, as discussed here, it is achieved through a different structural mechanism. Study holds ProTherm entries: 22151, 22152, 22153, 22154, 22155, 22156, 22157, 22158, 22159, 22160 Extra Details: nucleotide exchange factor; Mge1p; GrpE; Hsp70; mitochondria

Submission Details

ID: o2D8TtJR4

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:53 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Moro F;Muga A,J. Mol. Biol. (2006) Thermal adaptation of the yeast mitochondrial Hsp70 system is regulated by the reversible unfolding of its nucleotide exchange factor. PMID:16600294
Additional Information

Number of data points 25
Proteins GrpE protein homolog, mitochondrial
Unique complexes 1
Assays/Quantities/Protocols Experimental Assay: dCp prot_conc:76.5 microM ; Experimental Assay: dHcal prot_conc:76.5 microM ; Experimental Assay: Tm prot_conc:76.5 microM ; Experimental Assay: dCp prot_conc:33.4 microM ; Experimental Assay: dHcal prot_conc:33.4 microM ; Experimental Assay: Tm prot_conc:33.4 microM ; Experimental Assay: dCp prot_conc:25.0 microM ; Experimental Assay: dHcal prot_conc:25.0 microM ; Experimental Assay: Tm prot_conc:25.0 microM ; Experimental Assay: dCp prot_conc:12.3 microM ; Experimental Assay: dHcal prot_conc:12.3 microM ; Experimental Assay: Tm prot_conc:12.3 microM ; Experimental Assay: dCp prot_conc:6.8 microM ; Experimental Assay: dHcal prot_conc:6.8 microM ; Experimental Assay: Tm prot_conc:6.8 microM ; Experimental Assay: Tm prot_conc:7.6 microM ; Experimental Assay: dHvH prot_conc:7.6 microM ; Experimental Assay: Tm prot_conc:5.7 microM ; Experimental Assay: dHvH prot_conc:5.7 microM ; Experimental Assay: Tm prot_conc:3.8 microM ; Experimental Assay: dHvH prot_conc:3.8 microM ; Experimental Assay: Tm prot_conc:1.9 microM ; Experimental Assay: dHvH prot_conc:1.9 microM ; Experimental Assay: Tm prot_conc:0.9 microM ; Experimental Assay: dHvH prot_conc:0.9 microM
Sequence Assay Result Units