Hydrogen exchange in native and denatured states of hen egg-white lysozyme.


The hydrogen exchange kinetics of 68 individual amide protons in the native state of hen lysozyme have been measured at pH 7.5 and 30 degrees C by 2D NMR methods. These constitute the most protected subset of amides, with exchange half lives some 10(5)-10(7) times longer than anticipated from studies of small model peptides. The observed distribution of rates under these conditions can be rationalized to a large extent in terms of the hydrogen bonding of individual amides and their burial from bulk solvent. Exchange rates have also been measured in a reversibly denatured state of lysozyme; this was made possible under very mild conditions, pH 2.0 35 degrees C, by lowering the stability of the native state through selective cleavage of the Cys-6-Cys-127 disulfide cross-link (CM6-127 lysozyme). In this state the exchange rates for the majority of amides approach, within a factor of 5, the values anticipated from small model peptides. For a few amides, however, there is evidence for significant retardation (up to nearly 20-fold) relative to the predicted rates. The pattern of protection observed under these conditions does not reflect the behavior of the protein under strongly native conditions, suggesting that regions of native-like structure do not persist significantly in the denatured state of CM6-127 lysozyme. The pattern of exchange rates from the native protein at high temperature, pH 3.8 69 degrees C, resembles that of the acid-denatured state, suggesting that under these conditions the exchange kinetics are dominated by transient global unfolding. The rates of folding and unfolding under these conditions were determined independently by magnetization transfer NMR methods, enabling the intrinsic exchange rates from the denatured state to be deduced on the basis of this model, under conditions where the predominant equilibrium species is the native state. Again, in the case of most amides these rates showed only limited deviation from those predicted by a simple random coil model. This reinforces the view that these denatured states of lysozyme have little persistent residual order and contrasts with the behavior found for compact partially folded states of proteins, including an intermediate detected transiently during the refolding of hen lysozyme. Study holds ProTherm entries: 10116 Extra Details: protein folding; denatured states; hydrogen exchanges;,NMR

Submission Details

ID: nb7rPYo3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:39 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Radford SE;Buck M;Topping KD;Dobson CM;Evans PA,Proteins (1992) Hydrogen exchange in native and denatured states of hen egg-white lysozyme. PMID:1409571
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Lysozyme C P00698 LYSC_CHICK
96.9 Lysozyme C P00700 LYSC_COLVI
96.9 Lysozyme C P00699 LYSC_CALCC
96.9 Lysozyme C Q7LZQ0 LYSC_CATWA
96.9 Lysozyme C Q7LZP9 LYSC_LOPIM
96.1 Lysozyme C Q7LZI3 LYSC_TRASA
95.3 Lysozyme C P00701 LYSC_COTJA
96.1 Lysozyme C P19849 LYSC_PAVCR
95.3 Lysozyme C P22910 LYSC_CHRAM
95.3 Lysozyme C Q7LZT2 LYSC_TRATE
95.2 Lysozyme C P00703 LYSC_MELGA
92.2 Lysozyme C P00704 LYSC_NUMME
93.0 Lysozyme C P24364 LYSC_LOPLE
94.6 Lysozyme C P24533 LYSC_SYRRE
93.2 Lysozyme C P00702 LYSC_PHACO
93.0 Lysozyme C P81711 LYSC_SYRSO
92.3 Lysozyme C P49663 LYSC_PHAVE