Contribution of hydrogen bonding to the conformational stability of ribonuclease T1.


Abstract

For 30 years, the prevailing view has been that the hydrophobic effect contributes considerably more than hydrogen bonding to the conformational stability of globular proteins. The results and reasoning presented here suggest that hydrogen bonding and the hydrophobic effect make comparable contributions to the conformational stability of ribonuclease T1 (RNase T1). When RNase T1 folds, 86 intramolecular hydrogen bonds with an average length of 2.95 A are formed. Twelve mutants of RNase T1 [Tyr----Phe (5), Ser----Ala (3), and Asn----Ala (4)] have been prepared that remove 17 of the hydrogen bonds with an average length of 2.93 A. On the basis of urea and thermal unfolding studies of these mutants, the average decrease in conformational stability due to hydrogen bonding is 1.3 kcal/mol per hydrogen bond. This estimate is in good agreement with results from several related systems. Thus, we estimate that hydrogen bonding contributes about 110 kcal/mol to the conformational stability of RNase T1 and that this is comparable to the contribution of the hydrophobic effect. Accepting the idea that intramolecular hydrogen bonds contribute 1.3 +/- 0.6 kcal/mol to the stability of systems in an aqueous environment makes it easier to understand the stability of the "molten globule" states of proteins, and the alpha-helical conformations of small peptides. Study holds ProTherm entries: 2313, 2314, 2315, 2316, 2317, 2318, 2319, 2320, 2321, 2322, 2323, 2324, 2325, 2326, 2327, 2328, 2329, 2330, 2331, 2332, 2333, 2334, 2335, 2336, 2337, 2338, 13990, 13991, 13992, 13993, 13994, 13995, 13996, 13997, 13998, 13999, 14000, 14001 Extra Details: pseudo wild type Ribonuclease T1, 1RGC (Q25K) Ribonuclease T1; conformational stability; hydrogen bonding;,hydrophobic effect; molten globule; alpha-helical conformations

Submission Details

ID: nY4N9VxS3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:18 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Shirley BA;Stanssens P;Hahn U;Pace CN,Biochemistry (1992) Contribution of hydrogen bonding to the conformational stability of ribonuclease T1. PMID:1731929
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1B2M 1998-11-27T00:00:00+0000 2.0 THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF RIBONULCEASE T1 COMPLEXED WITH AN ISOSTERIC PHOSPHONATE ANALOGUE OF GPU: ALTERNATE SUBSTRATE BINDING MODES AND CATALYSIS.
1BIR 1996-01-04T00:00:00+0000 1.8 RIBONUCLEASE T1, PHE 100 TO ALA MUTANT COMPLEXED WITH 2' GMP
1BU4 1998-09-11T00:00:00+0000 1.9 RIBONUCLEASE 1 COMPLEX WITH 2'GMP
1BVI 1998-09-15T00:00:00+0000 1.9 RIBONUCLEASE T1 (WILDTYPE) COMPLEXED WITH 2'GMP
1CH0 1999-03-30T00:00:00+0000 2.3 RNASE T1 VARIANT WITH ALTERED GUANINE BINDING SEGMENT
1DET 1996-02-20T00:00:00+0000 1.8 RIBONUCLEASE T1 CARBOXYMETHYLATED AT GLU 58 IN COMPLEX WITH 2'GMP
1FYS 2000-10-03T00:00:00+0000 2.0 Ribonuclease T1 V16C mutant
1FZU 2000-10-04T00:00:00+0000 1.8 RNAse T1 V78A mutant
1G02 2000-10-05T00:00:00+0000 1.86 Ribonuclease T1 V16S mutant
1GSP 1997-11-28T00:00:00+0000 2.2 RIBONUCLEASE T1 COMPLEXED WITH 2',3'-CGPS, 1 DAY

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Guanyl-specific ribonuclease T1 P00651 RNT1_ASPOR