The insertion of a Gly residue (designated as Gly-80b) between the C-cap of the alpha II-helix (Gln-80) and the N-cap of the alpha III-helix (Trp-81) in Escherichia coli ribonuclease HI enhances the protein stability by 0.4 kcal/mol in delta G (Kimura, S., Nakamura, H., Hashimoto, T., Oobatake, M., & Kanaya, S. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 21535-21542). Another mutation within the alpha II-helix, Gly-77-->Ala, reduces the stability by 0.9 kcal/mol. Simultaneous introduction of these mutations enhances the stability by 0.8 kcal/mol, indicating that the effects of these mutations are cooperative and not simply independent. We determined the crystal structures of these three mutant proteins (G80b-, A77-, and A77/G80b-RNase H) to investigate this cooperative mechanism of the protein stabilization. The structures revealed that the inserted Gly-80b assumes a left-handed helical conformation in both the G80b- and the A77/G80b-RNase H. This inserted glycine residue allows the formation of a "paperclip", which is a common motif at the C-termini of alpha-helices. Accompanying the formation of the paperclip motif, two intrahelical hydrogen bonds are formed between the backbone atoms (O78-N80b and O80b-N84). The stabilization caused by the insertion of Gly-80b can be ascribed to the formation of these hydrogen bonds. The Gly-77-->Ala substitution destabilizes the protein due to the deformed packing interactions in the hydrophobic core around Ala-77 and the stress in the wedged indole ring of Trp-81. These effects are alleviated by the insertion of Gly-80b, which relaxes the backbone structure.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) Study holds ProTherm entries: 732, 733, 13371 Extra Details: Escherichia coli ribonuclease HI; cooperative stabilization;,crystal structures; alpha-helices; stability
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:15 p.m.
|Number of data points||11|
|Proteins||Ribonuclease HI ; Ribonuclease HI ; Ribonuclease HI|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: activity_kcat ionic:-: -, temp:49.8 C ; Experimental Assay: ddG ; Experimental Assay: activity_km ionic:-: -, temp:49.8 C ; Experimental Assay: activity_kcat ionic:: ; Experimental Assay: Tm ; Experimental Assay: activity_km ionic:: ; Derived Quantity: dTm|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence MLKQVEIFTDGSCLGNPGPGGYGAILRYRGREKTFSAGYTRTTNNRMELMAAIVALEALKEHCEVILSTDSQYVRQGITQWIHNWKKRGWKTADKKPVKNVDLWQRLDAALGQHQIKWEWVKGHAGHPENERCDELARAAAMNPTLEDTGYQVEV|