Folding-unfolding of goat alpha-lactalbumin studied by stopped-flow circular dichroism and molecular dynamics simulations.


Abstract

Folding reaction of goat alpha-lactalbumin has been studied by stopped-flow circular dichroism and molecular dynamics simulations. The effects of four single mutations and a double mutation on the stability of the protein under a native condition were studied. The mutations were introduced into residues located at a hydrophobic core in the alpha-domain of the molecule. Here we show that an amino acid substitution (T29I) increases the native-state stability of goat alpha-lactalbumin against the guanidine hydrochloride-induced unfolding by 3.5 kcal/mol. Kinetic refolding and unfolding of wild-type and mutant goat alpha-lactalbumin measured by stopped-flow circular dichroism showed that the local structure around the Thr29 side chain was not constructed in the transition state of the folding reaction. To characterize the local structural change around the Thr29 side chain to an atomic level of resolution, we performed high-temperature (at 400 K and 600 K) molecular dynamics simulations and studied the structural change at an initial stage of unfolding observed in the simulation trajectories. The Thr29 portion of the molecule experienced structural disruption accompanied with the loss of inter-residue contacts and with the water molecule penetration in the 400-K simulation as well as in four of the six 600-K simulations. Disruption of the N-terminal portion was also observed and was consistent with the results of kinetic refolding/unfolding experiments shown in our previous report. Study holds ProTherm entries: 10500, 10501, 10502, 10503, 10504, 10505 Extra Details: protein folding; transition state; hydrophobic core;,high-temperature simulation; early stage of unfolding

Submission Details

ID: mtgKw3Jj

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:40 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Yoda T;Saito M;Arai M;Horii K;Tsumoto K;Matsushima M;Kumagai I;Kuwajima K,Proteins (2001) Folding-unfolding of goat alpha-lactalbumin studied by stopped-flow circular dichroism and molecular dynamics simulations. PMID:11093260
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
3B0K 2012-06-13 1.6 Crystal structure of alpha-lactalbumin
1FKQ 2001-02-14 1.8 RECOMBINANT GOAT ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN T29V
6IP9 2019-02-20 1.85 Crystal Structure of Lanthanum ion (La3+) bound bovine alpha-lactalbumin
1HMK 1999-11-26 2.0 RECOMBINANT GOAT ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN
1FKV 2001-02-14 2.0 RECOMBINANT GOAT ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN T29I
1F6S 2000-12-13 2.2 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF BOVINE ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN
1F6R 2000-12-13 2.2 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF APO-BOVINE ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN
2G4N 2007-02-20 2.3 Anomalous substructure of alpha-lactalbumin
1HFZ 1997-07-29 2.3 ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN
1HFY 1997-07-07 2.3 ALPHA-LACTALBUMIN

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
94.4 Alpha-lactalbumin Q9TSR4 LALBA_BOSMU
95.1 Alpha-lactalbumin P00711 LALBA_BOVIN
96.5 Alpha-lactalbumin Q9TSN6 LALBA_BUBBU
97.9 Alpha-lactalbumin P09462 LALBA_SHEEP
100.0 Alpha-lactalbumin P00712 LALBA_CAPHI