Surface point mutations that significantly alter the structure and stability of a protein's denatured state.


Abstract

Significantly different m values (1.9-2.7 kcal mol-1 M-1) were observed for point mutations at a single, solvent-exposed site (T53) in a variant of the B1 domain of streptococcal Protein G using guanidine hydrochloride (GuHCl) as a denaturant. This report focuses on elucidating the energetic and structural implications of these m-value differences in two Protein G mutants, containing Ala and Thr at position 53. These two proteins are representative of the high (m+) and low (m-) m-value mutants studied. Differential scanning calorimetry revealed no evidence of equilibrium intermediates. A comparison of GuHCl denaturation monitored by fluorescence and circular dichroism showed that secondary and tertiary structure denatured concomitantly. The rates of folding (286 S-1 for the m+ mutant and 952 S-1 for the m- mutant) and the rates of unfolding (11 S-1 for m+ mutant and 3 S-1 for the m- mutant) were significantly different, as determined by stopped-flow fluorescence. The relative solvation free energies of the transition states were identical for the two proteins (alpha ++ = 0.3). Small-angle X-ray scattering showed that the radius of gyration of the denatured state (Rgd) of the m+ mutant did not change with increasing denaturant concentrations (Rgd approximately 23 A); whereas, the Rgd of the m- mutant increased from approximately 17 A to 23 A with increasing denaturant concentration. The results indicate that the mutations exert significant effects in both the native and GuHCl-induced denatured state of these two proteins. Study holds ProTherm entries: 2983, 2984, 2985, 2986, 2987, 2988, 2989 Extra Details:

Submission Details

ID: kwSu3oDm

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:20 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Smith CK;Bu Z;Anderson KS;Sturtevant JM;Engelman DM;Regan L,Protein Sci. (1996) Surface point mutations that significantly alter the structure and stability of a protein's denatured state. PMID:8897601
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
1EM7 2000-03-16T00:00:00+0000 2.0 HELIX VARIANT OF THE B1 DOMAIN FROM STREPTOCOCCAL PROTEIN G
1GB1 1991-05-15T00:00:00+0000 0 A NOVEL, HIGHLY STABLE FOLD OF THE IMMUNOGLOBULIN BINDING DOMAIN OF STREPTOCOCCAL PROTEIN G
1IGC 1994-08-05T00:00:00+0000 2.6 IGG1 FAB FRAGMENT (MOPC21) COMPLEX WITH DOMAIN III OF PROTEIN G FROM STREPTOCOCCUS
1IGD 1994-08-05T00:00:00+0000 1.1 THE THIRD IGG-BINDING DOMAIN FROM STREPTOCOCCAL PROTEIN G: AN ANALYSIS BY X-RAY CRYSTALLOGRAPHY OF THE STRUCTURE ALONE AND IN A COMPLEX WITH FAB
1LE3 2002-04-09T00:00:00+0000 0 NMR Structure of Tryptophan Zipper 4: A Stable Beta-Hairpin Peptide Based on the C-terminal Hairpin of the B1 Domain of Protein G
1MPE 2002-09-12T00:00:00+0000 0 Ensemble of 20 structures of the tetrameric mutant of the B1 domain of streptococcal protein G
1MVK 2002-09-25T00:00:00+0000 2.5 X-ray structure of the tetrameric mutant of the B1 domain of streptococcal protein G
1PGA 1993-11-23T00:00:00+0000 2.07 TWO CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF THE B1 IMMUNOGLOBULIN-BINDING DOMAIN OF STREPTOCOCCAL PROTEIN G AND COMPARISON WITH NMR
1PGB 1993-11-23T00:00:00+0000 1.92 TWO CRYSTAL STRUCTURES OF THE B1 IMMUNOGLOBULIN-BINDING DOMAIN OF STREPTOCCOCAL PROTEIN G AND COMPARISON WITH NMR
1PGX 1992-04-03T00:00:00+0000 1.66 THE 1.66 ANGSTROMS X-RAY STRUCTURE OF THE B2 IMMUNOGLOBULIN-BINDING DOMAIN OF STREPTOCOCCAL PROTEIN G AND COMPARISON TO THE NMR STRUCTURE OF THE B1 DOMAIN

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Immunoglobulin G-binding protein G P19909 SPG2_STRSG
100.0 Immunoglobulin G-binding protein G P06654 SPG1_STRSG