Multistate equilibrium unfolding of Escherichia coli dihydrofolate reductase: thermodynamic and spectroscopic description of the native, intermediate, and unfolded ensembles.


Abstract

The thermodynamic and spectroscopic properties of a cysteine-free variant of Escherichia coli dihydrofolate reductase (AS-DHFR) were investigated using the combined effects of urea and temperature as denaturing agents. Circular dichroism (CD), absorption, and fluorescence spectra were recorded during temperature-induced unfolding at different urea concentrations and during urea-induced unfolding at different temperatures. The first three vectors obtained by singular-value decomposition of each set of unfolding spectra were incorporated into a global analysis of a unique thermodynamic model. Although individual unfolding profiles can be described as a two-state process, a simultaneous fit of 99 vectors requires a three-state model as the minimal scheme to describe the unfolding reaction along both perturbation axes. The model, which involves native (N), intermediate (I), and unfolded (U) states, predicts a maximum apparent stability, DeltaG degrees (NU), of 6 kcal mol(-)(1) at 15 degrees C, an apparent m(NU) value of 2 kcal mol(-)(1) M(-)(1), and an apparent heat capacity change, DeltaC(p)()(-NU), of 2.5 kcal mol(-)(1) K(-)(1). The intermediate species has a maximum stability of approximately 2 kcal mol(-)(1) and a compactness closer to that of the native than to that of the unfolded state. The population of the intermediate is maximal ( approximately 70%) around 50 degrees C and falls below the limits of detection of > or =2 M urea or at temperatures of <35 or >65 degrees C. The fluorescence properties of the equilibrium intermediate resemble those of a transient intermediate detected during refolding from the urea-denatured state, suggesting that a tryptophan-containing hydrophobic cluster in the adenosine-binding domain plays a key role in both the equilibrium and kinetic reactions. The CD spectroscopic properties of the native state reveal the presence of two principal isoforms that differ in ligand binding affinities and in the packing of the adenosine-binding domain. The relative populations of these species change slightly with temperature and do not depend on the urea concentration, implying that the two native isoforms are well-structured and compact. Global analysis of data from multiple spectroscopic probes and several methods of unfolding is a powerful tool for revealing structural and thermodynamic properties of partially and fully folded forms of DHFR. Study holds ProTherm entries: 8559, 8560 Extra Details: additive : K2EDTA(0.2 mM),C85A/C152S cysteine-free double mutant of,dihydrofolate reductase. N-><-I

Submission Details

ID: kibdqBnn3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:36 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Ionescu RM;Smith VF;O'Neill JC;Matthews CR,Biochemistry (2000) Multistate equilibrium unfolding of Escherichia coli dihydrofolate reductase: thermodynamic and spectroscopic description of the native, intermediate, and unfolded ensembles. PMID:10924151
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