NMR studies of protein denatured states provide insights into potential initiation sites for folding that may be too transient to be observed kinetically. We have characterized the structure and dynamics of the acid-denatured state of protein G by using a F30H mutant of G(B1) which is on the margin of stability. At 5 degrees C, F30H-G(B1) is greater than 95% folded at pH 7.0 and is greater than 95% unfolded at pH 4.0. This range of stability is useful because the denatured state can be examined under relatively mild conditions which are optimal for folding G(B1). We have assigned almost all backbone (15)N, H(N), and H(alpha) resonances in the acid-denatured state. Chemical shift, coupling constant, and NOE data indicate that the denatured state has considerably more residual structure when studied under these mild conditions than in the presence of chemical denaturants. The acid-denatured state populates nativelike conformations with both alpha-helical and beta-hairpin characteristics. To our knowledge, this is the first example of a denatured state with NOE and coupling constant evidence for beta-hairpin character. A number of non-native turn structures are also detected, particularly in the region corresponding to the beta1-beta2 hairpin of the folded state. Steady-state ¿(1)H-(15)N¿ NOE results demonstrate restricted backbone flexibility in more structured regions of the denatured protein. Overall, our studies suggest that regions of the helix, the beta3-beta4 hairpin, and the beta1-beta2 turn may serve as potential initiation sites for folding of G(B). Furthermore, residual structure in acid-denatured F30H-G(B1) is more extensive than in peptide fragments corresponding to the beta1-beta2, alpha-helix, and beta3-beta4 regions, suggesting additional medium-to-long-range interactions in the full-length polypeptide chain. Study holds ProTherm entries: 7902, 7903 Extra Details: protein denatured states; backbone flexibility; potential,initiation sites; long-range interactions
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:35 p.m.
|Number of data points||3|
|Proteins||Immunoglobulin G-binding protein G ; Immunoglobulin G-binding protein G|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: Tm ; Derived Quantity: dTm|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence MTYKLILNGKTLKGETTTEAVDAATAEKVFKQYANDNGVDGEWTYDDATKTFTVTE|