A molten globule-like intermediate state detected in the thermal transition of cytochrome c under low salt concentration.


To understand the stabilization mechanism of the transient intermediate state in protein folding, it is very important to understand the structure and stability of the molten globule state under a native condition, in which the native state exists stably. The thermal transitions of horse cytochrome c were thermodynamically evaluated by highly precise differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) at pH 3.8-5.0. The heat capacity functions were analyzed using double deconvolution and the nonlinear least-squares method. An intermediate (I) state is clearly confirmed in the thermal native (N)-to-denatured (D) transition of horse cytochrome c. The mole fraction of the intermediate state shows the largest value, 0.4, at nearly 70 degrees C at pH 4.1. This intermediate state was also detected by the circular dichroism (CD) method and was found to have the properties of the molten globule-like structure by three-state analysis of the CD data. The Gibbs free-energy change between N and I, DeltaG(NI), and that between N and D, DeltaG(ND), were evaluated to be 9-22 kJ mol(-1) and 41-45 kJ mol(-1), respectively at 15( ) degrees C and pH 4.1. Study holds ProTherm entries: 22787, 22788, 22789, 22790, 22791, 22792, 22793, 22794, 22795 Extra Details: Native to intermediate Molten globule; Cytochrome c; Differential scanning calorimetry; Circular dichroism; Thermal transition; Gibbs free energy change

Submission Details

ID: kc6cCSJX3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:53 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Nakamura S;Baba T;Kidokoro S,Biophys. Chem. (2007) A molten globule-like intermediate state detected in the thermal transition of cytochrome c under low salt concentration. PMID:17257735
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
2B4Z 2005-09-27T00:00:00+0000 1.5 Crystal structure of cytochrome C from bovine heart at 1.5 A resolution.
2YBB 2011-03-02T00:00:00+0000 19.0 Fitted model for bovine mitochondrial supercomplex I1III2IV1 by single particle cryo-EM (EMD-1876)
3J2T 2012-12-23T00:00:00+0000 9.5 An improved model of the human apoptosome
5C0Z 2015-06-12T00:00:00+0000 1.12 The structure of oxidized rat cytochrome c at 1.13 angstroms resolution
5C9M 2015-06-28T00:00:00+0000 1.36 The structure of oxidized rat cytochrome c (T28A) at 1.362 angstroms resolution.
5DF5 2015-08-26T00:00:00+0000 1.3 The structure of oxidized rat cytochrome c (T28E) at 1.30 angstroms resolution.
5JUY 2016-05-10T00:00:00+0000 4.1 Active human apoptosome with procaspase-9
6FF5 2018-01-03T00:00:00+0000 1.74 X-ray structure of bovine heart cytochrome c at high ionic strength
6N1O 2018-11-09T00:00:00+0000 1.55 Oxidized rat cytochrome c mutant (S47E)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
91.3 Cytochrome c P00021 CYC_COLLI
92.2 Cytochrome c P00020 CYC_ANAPL
92.3 Cytochrome c P81280 CYC_ALLMI
90.5 Cytochrome c Q52V10 CYC_SAISC
93.3 Cytochrome c P00012 CYC_MIRLE
93.3 Cytochrome c Q52V09 CYC_CEPBA
93.3 Cytochrome c P00013 CYC_MINSC
93.3 Cytochrome c P00014 CYC_MACGI
94.3 Cytochrome c P00011 CYC_CANLF
94.3 Cytochrome c P62898 CYC_RAT
94.3 Cytochrome c P00008 CYC_RABIT
94.3 Cytochrome c P62897 CYC_MOUSE
95.2 Cytochrome c P68098 CYC_LAMGU
95.2 Cytochrome c P68100 CYC_ESCRO
95.2 Cytochrome c P68099 CYC_CAMDR
94.3 Cytochrome c P00007 CYC_HIPAM
97.1 Cytochrome c P62896 CYC_SHEEP
97.1 Cytochrome c P62895 CYC_PIG
97.1 Cytochrome c P62894 CYC_BOVIN
99.0 Cytochrome c P68096 CYC_EQUBU
99.0 Cytochrome c P68097 CYC_EQUAS
100.0 Cytochrome c P00004 CYC_HORSE
90.3 Cytochrome c B4USV4 CYC_OTOGA