Differential scanning calorimetry of bovine rhodopsin in rod-outer-segment disk membranes.


Abstract

Rhodopsin-containing retinal rod disk membranes from cattle have been examined by differential scanning calorimetry. Under conditions of 67 mM phosphate pH 7.0, unbleached rod outer segment disk membranes gave a single major endotherm with a temperature of denaturation (Tm) of 71.9 +/- 0.4 degrees C and a thermal unfolding calorimetric enthalpy change (delta Hcal) of 700 +/- 17 kJ/mol rhodopsin. Bleached rod outer segment disk membranes (membranes that had lost their absorbance at 498 nm after exposure to orange light) gave a single major endotherm with a Tm of 55.9 +/- 0.3 degrees C and a delta Hcal of 520 +/- 17 kJ/mol opsin. Neither bleached nor unbleached rod outer segment disk membranes gave endotherms upon thermal rescans. When thermal stability is examined over the pH range of 4-9, the major endotherms of both bleached and unbleached rod outer segment disk membranes were found to show maximum stability at pH 6.1. The observed delta Hcal values for bleached and unbleached rod outer segment disk membranes exhibit membrane concentration dependences which plateau at protein concentrations beyond 1.5 mg/mL. For partially bleached samples of rod outer segment disk membranes, the calorimetric enthalpy change for opsin appears to be somewhat dependent on the degree of bleaching, indicating intramembrane nearest neighbor interactions which affect the unfolding of opsin. Delta Hcal and Tm are particularly useful for assessing stability and testing for completeness of regeneration of rhodopsin from opsin. Other factors such as sample preparation and the presence of low concentrations of ethanol also affect the delta Hcal values while the Tm values remain fairly constant. This shows that the delta Hcal is a sensitive parameter for monitoring environmental changes of rhodopsin and opsin. Study holds ProTherm entries: 10025, 10026 Extra Details: additive : dithioerythritol(1 mM), retinal rod disk membranes; endotherm; membrane concentration;,nearest neighbor interactions

Submission Details

ID: kFDA5PuK4

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:39 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Khan SM;Bolen W;Hargrave PA;Santoro MM;McDowell JH,Eur. J. Biochem. (1991) Differential scanning calorimetry of bovine rhodopsin in rod-outer-segment disk membranes. PMID:1831759
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