Limited proteolysis of streptokinase and properties of some fragments.


Abstract

Limited proteolysis of streptokinase (Sk) by trypsin and thermolysin was performed under various incubation conditions and analysed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Several fragments (Sk1, Tr27, Tr17, Th26, and Th16) were isolated and characterized further. The N-terminal sequences of Tr27, Tr17, Th26, Th16 and the C-terminal sequences of Tr27 and Th26 were determined by partial sequencing. The evidence available allows the positioning of these fragments within the Sk sequence. Fragment Sk1 is obtained by carefully standardized tryptic digestion of Sk and gel chromatography under non-denaturing conditions. Sk1 is formed by a large polypeptide Ser60-Lys293 and non-covalently bonded smaller polypeptides composed of amino acids from the N-terminal region Ile1-Lys59 of Sk. Fragment Tr27 consists of the large polypeptide Ser60-Lys293 of Sk1, and can be obtained from Sk1 by removal of the smaller N-terminal polypeptides under denaturing conditions. Fragment Th26 is composed of amino acids Phe63-His291. The N-termini of fragments Tr17 and Th16 start with Glu148 and Ile151. From their electrophoretically-determined sizes it can be concluded that they most probably have the same C-terminal amino acids, Lys293 and His291, as fragments Tr27 and Th26, respectively. Secondary structure elements of similar composition were found in all the fragments studied using circular dichroism (c.d.) and infrared (i.r.) measurements. Differential scanning calorimetric (d.s.c.) measurements were performed in order to correlate the sequence regions of Sk to energetic folding units of the protein. Fragments Sk1, Tr27, Th26, Tr17, and Th16 show one melting peak in the temperature range from 42.8 to 46.1 degrees C (thermal unfolding stage). For fragment Sk1, this melting peak can be separated by deconvolution into two transitions at T1 = 46.1 degree C and T2 = 47.3 degrees C with delta H1 = 450 kJ/mol and delta H2 = 219 kJ/mol, respectively. Fragments Tr17 and Th16 show one two-state transition at T = 42.8 degrees C with delta H = 326 kJ/mol. Study holds ProTherm entries: 9842, 9843 Extra Details: 1st transition streptokinase; limited proteolysis; streptokinase fragments;,calorimetry; c.d.- and i.r.-spectroscopy

Submission Details

ID: jy7f6rLT3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:38 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Misselwitz R;Kraft R;Kostka S;Fabian H;Welfle K;Pfeil W;Welfle H;Gerlach D,Int. J. Biol. Macromol. (1992) Limited proteolysis of streptokinase and properties of some fragments. PMID:1515400
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