The effect of additional disulfide bonds on the stability and folding of ribonuclease A.


The significant contribution of disulfide bonds to the conformational stability of proteins is generally considered to result from an entropic destabilization of the unfolded state causing a faster escape of the molecules to the native state. However, the introduction of extra disulfide bonds into proteins as a general approach to protein stabilization yields rather inconsistent results. By modeling studies, we selected positions to introduce additional disulfide bonds into ribonuclease A at regions that had proven to be crucial for the initiation of the folding or unfolding process, respectively. However, only two out of the six variants proved to be more stable than unmodified ribonuclease A. The comparison of the thermodynamic and kinetic data disclosed a more pronounced effect on the unfolding reaction for all variants regardless of the position of the extra disulfide bond. Native-state proteolysis indicated a perturbation of the native state of the destabilized variants that obviously counterbalances the stability gain by the extra disulfide bond. Study holds ProTherm entries: 25589, 25590, 25591, 25592, 25593, 25594, 25595, 25596, 25597, 25598, 25599, 25600, 25601, 25602, 25603, 25604, 25605, 25606, 25607 Extra Details: Ribonuclease A; Thermodynamic stability; Protein folding; Disulfide bond; Protein engineering

Submission Details

ID: iyEmhSBL3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:55 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Pecher P;Arnold U,Biophys. Chem. (2009) The effect of additional disulfide bonds on the stability and folding of ribonuclease A. PMID:19155118
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic P61824 RNAS1_BISBI
100.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic P61823 RNAS1_BOVIN
96.8 Ribonuclease pancreatic P67926 RNAS1_CAPHI
96.8 Ribonuclease pancreatic P67927 RNAS1_SHEEP
95.2 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00657 RNAS1_BUBBU
96.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic P07847 RNAS1_AEPME
93.5 Ribonuclease pancreatic P07848 RNAS1_EUDTH
95.2 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00660 RNAS1_CONTA
92.7 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00668 RNAS1_ANTAM
90.3 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00662 RNAS1_GIRCA
96.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic Q29606 RNAS1_ORYLE