Energetic basis of structural stability in the molten globule state: alpha-lactalbumin.


The denatured states of alpha-lactalbumin, which have features of a molten globule state, have been studied to elucidate the energetics of the molten globule state and its contribution to the stability of the native conformation. Analysis of calorimetric and CD data shows that the heat capacity increment of alpha-lactalbumin denaturation highly correlates with the degree of disorder of the residual structure of the state. As a result, the denaturational transition of alpha-lactalbumin from the native to a highly ordered compact denatured state, and from the native to the disordered unfolded state are described by different thermodynamic functions. The enthalpy and entropy of the denaturation of alpha-lactalbumin to compact denatured state are always greater than the enthalpy and entropy of its unfolding. This difference represents the unfolding of the molten globule state. Calorimetric measurements of the heat effect associated with the unfolding of the molten globule state reveal that it is negative in sign over the temperature range of molten globule stability. This observation demonstrates the energetic specificity of the molten globule state, which, in contrast to a protein with unique tertiary structure, is stabilized by the dominance of negative entropy and enthalpy of hydration over the positive conformational entropy and enthalpy of internal interactions. It is concluded that at physiological temperatures the entropy of dehydration is the dominant factor providing stability for the compact intermediate state on the folding pathway, while for the stability of the native state, the conformational enthalpy is the dominant factor. Study holds ProTherm entries: 8603, 8604, 8605, 8606, 8607 Extra Details: alpha-lactalbumin; residual structure; molten globule;,thermodynamic parameters

Submission Details

ID: iqUDiQHs

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:36 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Griko YV,J. Mol. Biol. (2000) Energetic basis of structural stability in the molten globule state: alpha-lactalbumin. PMID:10764588
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Alpha-lactalbumin P00711 LALBA_BOVIN
99.3 Alpha-lactalbumin Q9TSR4 LALBA_BOSMU
98.6 Alpha-lactalbumin Q9TSN6 LALBA_BUBBU
97.2 Alpha-lactalbumin P09462 LALBA_SHEEP
95.1 Alpha-lactalbumin P00712 LALBA_CAPHI