Structural characterization of a three-disulfide intermediate of ribonuclease A involved in both the folding and unfolding pathways.


Abstract

Earlier studies of the unfolding pathway of native bovine pancreatic ribonuclease A (using dithiothreitol as the reducing agent) revealed that the three-disulfide species lacking the disulfide bond between cysteine 65 and cysteine 72 is the most highly populated intermediate [Rothwarf & Scheraga (1991) J. Am. Chem. Soc. 113, 6293-6294]. This unfolding intermediate is referred to as des-[65-72]-RNase A. In order to determine the role of des-[65-72]-RNase A, i.e. of the 65-72 disulfide bond, in the structural folding/unfolding processes of RNase A, the stability and structure of this unfolding intermediate were determined by examining its thermal transition curve and by using two- and three-dimensional homonuclear 1H NMR spectroscopy. The midpoint of the thermal transition of des-[65-72]-RNase A was found to be 17.8 degrees C lower than that of native RNase A. A set of conformations that are consistent with the NMR-derived constraints was obtained by minimizing, first, a variable-target function and, then, the conformational energy. These conformations exhibit a well-defined structure that is very similar to that of native ribonuclease A in regions where the native protein has a regular backbone structure such as a beta-sheet or a helix. Some of the loop regions of the several computed structures exhibit large deviations from each other as well as from native ribonuclease A. However, these results indicate that des-[65-72]-RNase A has a close structural similarity to RNase A in all regions with the only major differences occurring in a loop region comprising residues 60-72. This led to the conclusion that, in reduction pathways that include des-[65-72]-RNase A (at 25 degrees C, pH 8.0), the rate-determining step corresponds to a partial unfolding event in one region of the protein and not to a global conformational unfolding process. The results further suggest that, in the regeneration pathways involving des-[65-72]-RNase A, the loop region from 60 to 72 is the last to fold. Study holds ProTherm entries: 4518 Extra Details: unfolding pathway; disulfide bond; conformational energy;,beta-sheet; helix; rate-determining step

Submission Details

ID: inPmkk9z

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:25 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Talluri S;Rothwarf DM;Scheraga HA,Biochemistry (1994) Structural characterization of a three-disulfide intermediate of ribonuclease A involved in both the folding and unfolding pathways. PMID:8068682
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
6QMN 2019-02-07T00:00:00+0000 2.31 Crystal structure of a Ribonuclease A-Onconase chimera
1A2W 1998-01-12T00:00:00+0000 2.1 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF A 3D DOMAIN-SWAPPED DIMER OF BOVINE PANCREATIC RIBONUCLEASE A
1A5P 1998-02-17T00:00:00+0000 1.6 C[40,95]A VARIANT OF BOVINE PANCREATIC RIBONUCLEASE A
1A5Q 1998-02-17T00:00:00+0000 2.3 P93A VARIANT OF BOVINE PANCREATIC RIBONUCLEASE A
1AFK 1997-03-08T00:00:00+0000 1.7 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF RIBONUCLEASE A IN COMPLEX WITH 5'-DIPHOSPHOADENOSINE-3'-PHOSPHATE
1AFL 1997-03-08T00:00:00+0000 1.7 RIBONUCLEASE A IN COMPLEX WITH 5'-DIPHOSPHOADENOSINE 2'-PHOSPHATE AT 1.7 ANGSTROM RESOLUTION
1AFU 1997-03-14T00:00:00+0000 2.0 STRUCTURE OF RIBONUCLEASE A AT 2.0 ANGSTROMS FROM MONOCLINIC CRYSTALS
1AQP 1997-07-31T00:00:00+0000 2.0 RIBONUCLEASE A COPPER COMPLEX
1B6V 1999-01-18T00:00:00+0000 2.0 CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF A HYBRID BETWEEN RIBONUCLEASE A AND BOVINE SEMINAL RIBONUCLEASE
1BEL 1995-12-21T00:00:00+0000 1.6 HYDROLASE PHOSPHORIC DIESTER, RNA

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
96.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic Q29606 RNAS1_ORYLE
90.3 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00662 RNAS1_GIRCA
92.7 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00668 RNAS1_ANTAM
95.2 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00660 RNAS1_CONTA
93.5 Ribonuclease pancreatic P07848 RNAS1_EUDTH
96.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic P07847 RNAS1_AEPME
95.2 Ribonuclease pancreatic P00657 RNAS1_BUBBU
96.8 Ribonuclease pancreatic P67927 RNAS1_SHEEP
96.8 Ribonuclease pancreatic P67926 RNAS1_CAPHI
100.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic P61823 RNAS1_BOVIN
100.0 Ribonuclease pancreatic P61824 RNAS1_BISBI