The CL fragment of a type-kappa immunoglobulin light chain in which the C-terminal cysteine residue was modified with N-(iodoacetyl)-N'-(5-sulfo-1-naphthyl)ethylenediamine (CL-AEDANS fragment) was prepared. This fragment has only one tryptophan residue at position 148. The compactness of the fragment whose intrachain disulfide bond was reduced in order for the tryptophan residue to fluoresce (reduced CL-AEDANS fragment) was studied in the early stages of refolding from 4 M guanidine hydrochloride by fluorescence energy transfer from Trp 148 to the AEDANS group. The AEDANS group attached to the SH group of a cysteine scarcely fluoresced when excited at 295 nm. For the reduced CL-AEDANS fragment, the fluorescence emission band of the Trp residue overlapped with the absorption band of the AEDANS group, and the fluorescence energy transfer was observed between Trp 148 and the AEDANS group in the absence of guanidine hydrochloride. In 4 M guanidine hydrochloride, the distance between the donor and the acceptor was larger, and the efficiency of the energy transfer became lower. The distance between Trp 148 and the AEDANS group for the intact protein estimated by using the energy-transfer data was in good agreement with that obtained by X-ray crystallographic analysis. By the use of fluorescence energy transfer, tryptophyl fluorescence, and circular dichroism at 218 nm, the kinetics of unfolding and refolding of the reduced fragment were studied. These three methods gave the same unfolding kinetic pattern. However, the refolding kinetics measured by fluorescence energy transfer were different from those measured by tryptophyl fluorescence and circular dichroism, the latter two giving the same kinetic pattern.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) Study holds ProTherm entries: 4380 Extra Details: constant fragment; compactness; energy transfer;,cis-trans isomerization
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:25 p.m.
|Number of data points||1|
|Proteins||Immunoglobulin kappa variable 4-1 ; Immunoglobulin kappa variable 1D-33|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: dG_H2O|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence DIVMTQSPDSLAVSLGERATINCKSSQSVLYSSNSKNYLAWYQQKPGQPPKLLIYWASTRESGVPDRFSGSGSGTDFTLTISSLQAEDVAVYYCQQYYSTPYSFGQGTKLEIKRTVAAPSVF|