Role of C-terminal region of Staphylococcal nuclease for foldability, stability, and activity.


The role of the C-terminal region of Staphylococcal nuclease (SNase) was examined by deletion mutation. Deletions up to eight residues do not affect the structure and function. The structure and enzymatic activity were partially lost by deleting Ser141-Asn149 (Delta141-149), and deletion of Trp140-Asn149 (Delta140-149) resulted in further loss of structure and activity. A 13-residue deletion showed the same effect as the 10-residue deletion. Both Ser141Gln and Ser141Ala mutations for an eight-residue deletion mutant did not alter properties as well as Ser141A1a for full-length SNase. In contrast, Trp140Ala mutation for Delta141-149 shows the same effect as the deletion of Trp140. Trp140Ala mutation for full-length SNase causes the loss of native structure. These observations indicate the significance of the 140th and the 141st residues. The side-chain of the 140th residue is required to be tryptophan; however, the backbone of the 141st residue is solely critical for foldability, but the side-chain information is not crucial. All of the mutants that take a non-native conformation show enzymatic activity and inhibitor-induced folding, suggesting that foldability is required for the activity. Study holds ProTherm entries: 17560, 17561, 17562, 17563 Extra Details: deletion mutant; site-directed mutagenesis; circular dichroism; solution X-ray scattering; inhibitor-induced folding; DNA hydrolysis

Submission Details


Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:49 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Hirano S;Mihara K;Yamazaki Y;Kamikubo H;Imamoto Y;Kataoka M,Proteins (2002) Role of C-terminal region of Staphylococcal nuclease for foldability, stability, and activity. PMID:12211005
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Thermonuclease P00644 NUC_STAAU
99.3 Thermonuclease Q5HHM4 NUC_STAAC
99.1 Thermonuclease Q99VJ0 NUC_STAAM
99.1 Thermonuclease Q7A6P2 NUC_STAAN
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GB41 NUC_STAAS
99.3 Thermonuclease Q8NXI6 NUC_STAAW
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GIK1 NUC_STAAR