Hydrogen exchange identifies native-state motional domains important in protein folding.


Effects of mutations on hydrogen exchange kinetics, structure, and stability suggest that the slow exchange core is a key element in protein folding. Single amino acid variants of bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (BPTI) have been made with glycine or alanine replacement of residues Tyr 35, Gly 37, Asn 43, and Asn 44. The crystal structures of Y35G and N43G are reported [Housset, D., Kim, K.-S., Fuchs, J., & Woodward, C. (1991) J. Mol. Biol. 220, 757-770; Danishefsky, A. T., Housset, D., Kim, K.-S., Tao, F., Fuchs, J., Woodward, C., & Wlodawer, A. (1993) Protein Sci. 2, 577-587; Kim, K.-S., Tao, F., Fuchs, J. A., Danishefsky, A. T., Housset, D., Wlodawer, A., & Woodward, C. (1993a) Protein Sci. 2, 588-596]. NMR chemical shifts indicate few changes from the wild type (WT) in G37A and N44G. Stabilities of the four mutants were measured by calorimetry and by hydrogen exchange. Values of delta delta(WT-->mut), the difference in delta G of folding/unfolding between the wild type and mutant, estimated by both methods are in good agreement and are in the range 4.7-6.0 kcal/mol. There is no general correlation between stability and hydrogen exchange rates at pH 3.5 and 30 degrees C. Exchange occurs by two parallel pathways, one involving small noncooperative fluctuations of the native state, and the other involving cooperative, global unfolding. In the mutant proteins, the rates for exchange by the unfolding mechanism are accelerated by a factor corresponding to the increase in the unfolding/folding equilibrium constant.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) Study holds ProTherm entries: 272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 11766, 11767, 11768, 11769, 11770 Extra Details: protein folding; BPTI; calorimetry; hydrogen exchange kinetics;,fluctuation; unfolding/folding equilibrium constant

Submission Details

ID: i7PBmAc5

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:14 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Kim KS;Fuchs JA;Woodward CK,Biochemistry (1993) Hydrogen exchange identifies native-state motional domains important in protein folding. PMID:7690587
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
100.0 Pancreatic trypsin inhibitor P00974 BPT1_BOVIN
91.0 Pancreatic trypsin inhibitor P04815 BPT2_BOVIN
91.4 Pancreatic trypsin inhibitor P00975 IBPS_BOVIN