Neuroserpin is a member of the serpin superfamily. Point mutations in the neuroserpin gene underlie the autosomal dominant dementia, familial encephalopathy with neuroserpin inclusion bodies. This is characterized by the retention of ordered polymers of neuroserpin within the endoplasmic reticulum of neurons. pH has been shown to affect the propensity of several serpins to form polymers. In particular, low pH favors the formation of polymers of both alpha(1)-antitrypsin and antithrombin. We report here opposite effects in neuroserpin, with a striking resistance to polymer formation at acidic pH. Mutation of specific histidine residues showed that this effect is not attributable to the shutter domain histidine as would be predicted by analogy with other serpins. Indeed, mutation of the shutter domain His338 decreased neuroserpin stability but had no effect on the pH dependence of polymerization when compared with the wild-type protein. In contrast, mutation of His119 or His138 reduced the polymerization of neuroserpin at both acidic and neutral pH. These residues are at the lower pole of neuroserpin and provide a novel mechanism to control the opening of beta-sheet A and hence polymerization. This mechanism is likely to have evolved to protect neuroserpin from the acidic environment of the secretory granules. Study holds ProTherm entries: 25708, 25709, 25710 Extra Details: neuroserpin; polymerization; familial encephalopathy with neuroserpin inclusion bodies; serpins
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
|Number of data points||3|
|Proteins||Neuroserpin ; Neuroserpin|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: Tm pH:9.0 ; Experimental Assay: Tm pH:7.0 ; Experimental Assay: Tm pH:6.0|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence MAGSHHHHHHTDPTGATFPEEAIADLSVNMYNRLRATGEDENILFSPLSIALAMGMMELGAQGSTQKEIRHSMGYDSLKNGEEFSFLKEFSNMVTAKESQYVMKIANSLFVQNGFHVNEEFLQMMKKYFNAAVNHVDFSQNVAVANYINKWVENNTNNLVKDLVSPRDFDAATYLALINAVYFKGNWKSQFRPENTRTFSFTKDDESEVQIPMMYQQGEFYYGEFSDGSNEAGGIYQVLEIPYEGDEISMMLVLSRQEVPLATLEPLVKAQLVEEWANSVKKQKVEVYLPRFTVEQEIDLKDVLKALGITEIFIKDANLTGLSDNKEIFLSKAIHKSFLEVNEEGSEAAAVSGMIAISRMAVLYPQVIVDHPFFFLIRNRRTGTILFMGRVMHPETM|