Thermodynamics of staphylococcal nuclease denaturation. I. The acid-denatured state.


Abstract

Using high-sensitivity differential scanning calorimetry, we reexamined the thermodynamics of denaturation of staphylococcal nuclease. The denaturational changes in enthalpy and heat capacity were found to be functions of both temperature and pH. The denatured state of staphylococcal nuclease at pH 8.0 and high temperature has a heat capacity consistent with a fully unfolded protein completely exposed to solvent. At lower pH values, however, the heat capacity of the denatured state is lower, resulting in a lower delta Cp and delta H for the denaturation reaction. The acid-denatured protein can thus be distinguished from a completely unfolded protein by a defined difference in enthalpy and heat capacity. Comparison of circular dichroism spectra suggests that the low heat capacity of the acid-denatured protein does not result from residual helical secondary structure. The enthalpy and heat capacity changes of denaturation of a less stable mutant nuclease support the observed dependence of delta H on pH. Study holds ProTherm entries: 2945, 2946, 2947, 2948, 2949, 2950, 2951, 2952 Extra Details: additive : EDTA(1 mM),measurements were made in the presence of 0.1M NaCl denatured state; molten globule; protein denaturation;,structural intermediate; unfolding

Submission Details

ID: gwKz9XpQ

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:20 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Carra JH;Anderson EA;Privalov PL,Protein Sci. (1994) Thermodynamics of staphylococcal nuclease denaturation. I. The acid-denatured state. PMID:8069223
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
4WRD 2014-10-23T00:00:00+0000 1.65 Crystal structure of Staphylcoccal nulease variant Delta+PHS V66E L125E at cryogenic temperature
2LKV 2011-10-21T00:00:00+0000 0 Staphylococcal Nuclease PHS variant
2M00 2012-10-14T00:00:00+0000 0 Solution structure of staphylococcal nuclease E43S mutant in the presence of ssDNA and Cd2+
2OXP 2007-02-20T00:00:00+0000 2.0 Crystal Structure of Staphylococcal Nuclease mutant V66D/P117G/H124L/S128A
3D4W 2008-05-15T00:00:00+0000 1.9 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS A109R at cryogenic temperature
3D8G 2008-05-23T00:00:00+0000 1.99 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS I72R at cryogenic temperature
3MVV 2010-05-04T00:00:00+0000 1.72 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS F34A at cryogenic temperature
3QOJ 2011-02-10T00:00:00+0000 1.6 Cryogenic structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant D+PHS/V23K
3QOL 2011-02-10T00:00:00+0000 1.9 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant D+PHS/V23E at pH 6 determined at 100 K
3R3O 2011-03-16T00:00:00+0000 1.9 Crystal structure of Staphylococcal nuclease variant Delta+PHS T62A at cryogenic temperature and with high redundancy

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GIK1 NUC_STAAR
99.3 Thermonuclease Q8NXI6 NUC_STAAW
99.3 Thermonuclease Q6GB41 NUC_STAAS
99.1 Thermonuclease Q7A6P2 NUC_STAAN
99.1 Thermonuclease Q99VJ0 NUC_STAAM
99.3 Thermonuclease Q5HHM4 NUC_STAAC
100.0 Thermonuclease P00644 NUC_STAAU