Effect of foreign N-terminal residues on the conformational stability of human lysozyme.


Abstract

To minutely understand the effect of foreign N-terminal residues on the conformational stability of human lysozyme, five mutant proteins were constructed: two had Met or Ala in place of the N-terminal Lys residue (K1M and K1A, respectively), and others had one additional residue, Met, Gly or Pro, to the N-terminal Lys residue (Met(-1), Gly(-1) and Pro(-1), respectively). The thermodynamic parameters for denaturation of these mutant proteins were examined by differential scanning calorimetry and were compared with that of the wild-type protein. Three mutants with the extra residue were significantly destabilized: the changes in unfolding Gibbs energy (DeltaDeltaG) were -9.1 to -12.2 kJ.mol-1. However, the stability of two single substitutions at the N-terminal slightly decreased; the DeltaDeltaG values were only -0.5 to -2.5 kJ.mol-1. The results indicate that human lysozyme is destabilized by an expanded N-terminal residue. The crystal structural analyses of K1M, K1A and Gly(-1) revealed that the introduction of a residue at the N-terminal of human lysozyme caused the destruction of hydrogen bond networks with ordered water molecules, resulting in the destabilization of the protein. Study holds ProTherm entries: 9150, 9151, 9152, 9153, 9154, 9155, 9156, 9157, 9158, 9159, 9160, 9161, 14489, 14490 Extra Details: extra N-terminal residue; human lysozyme; protein stability;,mutant protein; crystal structure

Submission Details

ID: gmvLTXod

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:37 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Takano K;Tsuchimori K;Yamagata Y;Yutani K,Eur. J. Biochem. (1999) Effect of foreign N-terminal residues on the conformational stability of human lysozyme. PMID:10561612
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
133L 1993-06-01T00:00:00+0000 1.77 ROLE OF ARG 115 IN THE CATALYTIC ACTION OF HUMAN LYSOZYME. X-RAY STRUCTURE OF HIS 115 AND GLU 115 MUTANTS
134L 1993-06-01T00:00:00+0000 1.77 ROLE OF ARG 115 IN THE CATALYTIC ACTION OF HUMAN LYSOZYME. X-RAY STRUCTURE OF HIS 115 AND GLU 115 MUTANTS
1B5U 1999-01-11T00:00:00+0000 1.8 CONTRIBUTION OF HYDROGEN BONDS TO THE CONFORMATIONAL STABILITY OF HUMAN LYSOZYME: CALORIMETRY AND X-RAY ANALYSIS OF SIX SER->ALA MUTANT
1B5V 1999-01-11T00:00:00+0000 2.17 CONTRIBUTION OF HYDROGEN BONDS TO THE CONFORMATIONAL STABILITY OF HUMAN LYSOZYME: CALORIMETRY AND X-RAY ANALYSIS OF SIX SER->ALA MUTANTS
1B5W 1999-01-11T00:00:00+0000 2.17 CONTRIBUTION OF HYDROGEN BONDS TO THE CONFORMATIONAL STABILITY OF HUMAN LYSOZYME: CALORIMETRY AND X-RAY ANALYSIS OF SIX SER->ALA MUTANTS
1B5X 1999-01-11T00:00:00+0000 2.0 Contribution of hydrogen bonds to the conformational stability of human lysozyme: calorimetry and x-ray analysis of six ser->ala mutants
1B5Y 1999-01-11T00:00:00+0000 2.2 CONTRIBUTION OF HYDROGEN BONDS TO THE CONFORMATIONAL STABILITY OF HUMAN LYSOZYME: CALORIMETRY AND X-RAY ANALYSIS OF SIX SER->ALA MUTANTS
1B5Z 1999-01-11T00:00:00+0000 2.2 CONTRIBUTION OF HYDROGEN BONDS TO THE CONFORMATIONAL STABILITY OF HUMAN LYSOZYME: CALORIMETRY AND X-RAY ANALYSIS OF SIX SER->ALA MUTANTS
1B7L 1999-01-24T00:00:00+0000 1.8 VERIFICATION OF SPMP USING MUTANT HUMAN LYSOZYMES
1B7M 1999-01-24T00:00:00+0000 2.2 VERIFICATION OF SPMP USING MUTANT HUMAN LYSOZYMES

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
96.9 Lysozyme C P79180 LYSC_HYLLA
99.2 Lysozyme C P79239 LYSC_PONPY
100.0 Lysozyme C P79179 LYSC_GORGO
100.0 Lysozyme C P61628 LYSC_PANTR
100.0 Lysozyme C P61627 LYSC_PANPA
100.0 Lysozyme C P61626 LYSC_HUMAN