We compare the folding equilibrium of the globular domain of the human prion protein with two variants of this domain, for which an additional disulfide bond was introduced into the location where it is found in the naturally occurring doppel protein. We find that the unfolding transition midpoint of the variants is shifted toward higher denaturant concentration, indicating that the engineered disulfide bond significantly stabilizes the global protein structure. Our results further reveal that the two-disulfide variant proteins, while possessing the same global fold as the wild-type, display marked differences in their folding pathway-in particular, the absence of a characteristic alpha-helix to beta-sheet transition, which is a fundamental feature associated with misfolding of proteins into amyloid fibrils, especially in the context of prion diseases. These surprising characteristics of disulfide mutant prion proteins have important implications for the understanding of the generic aberrant processes leading to amyloid fibril formation and protein aggregation, as well as providing insight into possible therapeutic strategies. Study holds ProTherm entries: 22279, 22280, 22281, 22282 Extra Details: disulfide bond; folding pathway; amyloid fibrils; transition
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:53 p.m.
|Number of data points||5|
|Proteins||Major prion protein ; Major prion protein|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: Tm ; Experimental Assay: Cm pH:5.0, buffers:sodium acetate: 20mM ; Experimental Assay: Cm buffers:sodium phosphate: 20mM, pH:7.0 ; Experimental Assay: dG_H2O|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence GSKKRPKPGGWNTGGSRYPGQGSPGGNRYPPQGGGGWGQPHGGGWGQPHGGGWGQPHGGGWGQPHGGGWGQGGGTHSQWNKPSKPKTNMKHMAGAAAAGAVVGGLGGYMLGSAMSRPIIHFGSDYEDRYYRENMHRYPNQVYYRPMDEYSNQNNFVHDCVNITIKQHTVTTTTKGENFTETDVKMMERVVEQMCITQYERESQAYYQRGS|