To investigate the relationship between the degradation rate of a protein in Escherichia coli and its thermal stability in vitro, we constructed a set of variants of the N-terminal domain of lambda repressor with a wide range of melting temperatures. Pulse-chase experiments showed that, within this set, the proteins that are most thermally stable have the longest intracellular half-lives and vice versa. Moreover, second-site mutations which act directly or indirectly to increase the thermodynamic stability of the native N-terminal domain were found to suppress the intracellular degradation of one of the unstable mutants. These data suggest that thermal stability is, indeed, a key determinant of the proteolytic susceptibility of this protein in the cell. It is not the sole determinant, however, as sequences at the extreme C terminus of the N-terminal domain can influence proteolytic sensitivity without affecting the stability of the native structure. We propose that the thermal stability of the N-terminal domain of lambda repressor is an important determinant of its proteolytic sensitivity because degradation proceeds primarily from the unfolded form and that sequence determinants within the unfolded chain influence whether the unfolded protein will be a good substrate for proteolytic enzymes. Study holds ProTherm entries: 5162, 5163, 5164, 5165 Extra Details: structural stability; proteolytic susceptibility;,N-terminal domain; proteolytic sensitivity; degradation
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:28 p.m.
|Number of data points||7|
|Proteins||Repressor protein cI ; Repressor protein cI|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: Tm ; Derived Quantity: dTm|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence STKKKPLTQEQLEDARRLKAIYEKKKNELGLSQESVADKMGMGQSGVGALFNGINALNAYNAALLAKILKVSVEEFSPSIAREIYEMYEAVS|