Conformation and stability of barley chymotrypsin inhibitor-2 (CI-2) mutants containing multiple lysine substitutions.


Abstract

A major goal of agricultural biotechnology is to increase the nutritional value of maize seed through the expression of heterologous proteins enriched in lysine. One promising candidate is barley chymotrypsin inhibitor-2 (CI-2), a plant protein that has been extensively characterized with respect to structure and function. Based on the tertiary structure of wild-type (WT) CI-2, five mutants with lysine contents ranging from 20 to 25 mol percent were designed, expressed in Escherichia coli and purified by ion exchange and gel permeation chromatography. Inasmuch as previous transgenic experiments suggested that proper folding and stability may be essential for in vivo accumulation of the engineered proteins in plant cells, we first undertook an in vitro study of the conformation and thermodynamic stability of the CI-2 mutants in order to select an ideal candidate for plant expression. Mutant and WT CI-2 proteins had similar circular dichroism spectra, suggesting similar secondary structures. However, differences in the accessibility of the sole tryptophan residue, Trp24, indicated that the local conformation differed among the mutants. The thermodynamic stability of the mutants ranged from <2 to 4.9 kcal/mol compared with approximately 7 kcal/mol for the wild-type protein. In conjunction with proteolytic stability studies, we have identified one mutant that has the potential to be expressed in a stable manner in plant cells. Study holds ProTherm entries: 7045 Extra Details: barley chymotrypsin inhibitor-2; nutritional enhancement;,protein conformation; protein engineering; protein stability

Submission Details

ID: fxW86Kmf3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:33 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Roesler KR;Rao AG,Protein Eng. (1999) Conformation and stability of barley chymotrypsin inhibitor-2 (CI-2) mutants containing multiple lysine substitutions. PMID:10585502
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
3CI2 1993-10-31 REFINEMENT OF THE THREE-DIMENSIONAL SOLUTION STRUCTURE OF BARLEY SERINE PROTEINASE INHIBITOR 2 AND COMPARISON WITH THE STRUCTURES IN CRYSTALS
1CIR 1996-01-29 COMPLEX OF TWO FRAGMENTS OF CI2 [(1-40)(DOT)(41-64)]
1CIS 1993-10-31 CONTEXT DEPENDENCE OF PROTEIN SECONDARY STRUCTURE FORMATION. THE THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE AND STABILITY OF A HYBRID BETWEEN CHYMOTRYPSIN INHIBITOR 2 AND HELIX E FROM SUBTILISIN CARLSBERG
1LW6 2002-08-21 1.5 Crystal Structure of the Complex of Subtilisin BPN' with Chymotrypsin Inhibitor 2 at 1.5 Angstrom Resolution
1YPC 1994-01-31 1.7 DIRECT OBSERVATION OF BETTER HYDRATION AT THE N-TERMINUS OF AN ALPHA-HELIX WITH GLYCINE RATHER THAN ALANINE AS N-CAP
5FFN 2016-05-18 1.8 Complex of subtilase SubTY from Bacillus sp. TY145 with chymotrypsin inhibitor CI2A
1CQ4 1998-11-25 1.8 CI2 MUTANT WITH TETRAGLUTAMINE (MGQQQQGM) REPLACING MET59
5FBZ 2016-05-18 1.9 Structure of subtilase SubHal from Bacillus halmapalus - complex with chymotrypsin inhibitor CI2A
2CI2 1988-09-07 2.0 CRYSTAL AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE OF THE SERINE PROTEINASE INHIBITOR CI-2 FROM BARLEY SEEDS
1YPB 1994-01-31 2.0 DIRECT OBSERVATION OF BETTER HYDRATION AT THE N-TERMINUS OF AN ALPHA-HELIX WITH GLYCINE RATHER THAN ALANINE AS N-CAP
1YPA 1994-01-31 2.0 DIRECT OBSERVATION OF BETTER HYDRATION AT THE N-TERMINUS OF AN ALPHA-HELIX WITH GLYCINE RATHER THAN ALANINE AS N-CAP
2SNI 1988-09-07 2.1 STRUCTURAL COMPARISON OF TWO SERINE PROTEINASE-PROTEIN INHIBITOR COMPLEXES. EGLIN-C-SUBTILISIN CARLSBERG AND CI-2-SUBTILISIN NOVO
1COA 1994-01-31 2.2 THE EFFECT OF CAVITY CREATING MUTATIONS IN THE HYDROPHOBIC CORE OF CHYMOTRYPSIN INHIBITOR 2
1CIQ 1996-03-08 2.2 COMPLEX OF TWO FRAGMENTS OF CI2, RESIDUES 1-40 AND 41-64

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
92.6 Subtilisin-chymotrypsin inhibitor-2A P08626 ICI3_HORVU
100.0 Subtilisin-chymotrypsin inhibitor-2A P01053 ICI2_HORVU