The methionine 80 sulfur-heme iron bond of rat cytochrome c, whose stability is decreased by mutating the phylogenetically invariant residue proline 30 to alanine and increased when tyrosine 67 is changed to phenylalanine, recovers its wild-type characteristics when both substitutions are performed on the same molecule. Titrations with urea, analyzed according to the heteropolymer theory [Alonso, D. O. V., & Dill, K. A. (1991) Biochemistry 30, 5974-5985], indicate that both single mutations increase the solvent exposure of hydrophobic groups in the unfolded state, while in the double mutant this conformational perturbation disappears. Similar increases in solvent exposure of hydrophobic groups are observed when the sulfur-iron bond of the wild-type protein is broken by alkylation of the methionine sulfur, by high pH, or by binding the heme iron with cyanide. The compensatory effects of the two single mutations do not extend to the overall stability of the protein. The added loss of conformational stability due to the single mutations amounts to 7.3 kcal/mol out of the 9 kcal/mol representing the overall free energy of stabilization of the native conformation of the wild-type protein. The folded conformation of the doubly mutated protein is only 2 kcal/mol less stable than that of the wild type. These results indicate that the double mutant protein is able to retain the essential folding pattern of cytochrome c and the thermodynamic stability of the methionine sulfur-heme iron bond, in spite of structural differences that weaken the overall stability of the molecule. Study holds ProTherm entries: 5320, 5321, 5322, 5323, 5324, 5325, 5326, 5327 Extra Details:
Submitter: Connie Wang
Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:29 p.m.
|Number of data points||22|
|Proteins||Cytochrome c ; Cytochrome c, somatic|
|Assays/Quantities/Protocols||Experimental Assay: Cm ; Experimental Assay: m ; Experimental Assay: dG_H2O ; Experimental Assay: Tm ; Derived Quantity: ddG_H2O ; Derived Quantity: dTm|
|Libraries||Mutations for sequence GDVEKGKKIFVQKCAQCHTVEKGGKHKTGPNLHGLFGRKTGQAPGFTYTDANKNKGITWKEETLMEYLENPKKYIPGTKMIFAGIKKKTEREDLIAYLKKATNE|