Decrease in stability of human albumin with increase in protein concentration.


The stability (reflected in denaturation temperature, Td) of defatted human albumin monomer, monitored by differential scanning calorimetry, decreases with increasing protein concentration. This is shown to be compatible with a simple model in which reversible polymerization of denatured monomer promotes unfolding. This model also predicts an increase in transition cooperativity with decreasing protein concentration whereas experimentally cooperativity decreases because the rate of thermally induced polymerization of unfolded monomer is slow relative to the scan rate of the calorimeter. The denaturation of undefatted human albumin monomer, subsaturated with high affinity endogenous long-chain fatty acid (LCFA), was previously observed by differential scanning calorimetry to be a biphasic process. Td for the first endotherm, associated with the denaturation of LCFA-poor species, decreases with increasing protein concentration similar to that for defatted monomer whereas Td for the second endotherm, associated with denaturation of LCFA-rich species, is independent of concentration. The magnitude of the concentration dependence of Td relates directly to the extent of polymerization of denatured monomer, which decreases with increasing level of bound ligand. The bimodal thermogram observed for undefatted monomer persists upon simultaneous extrapolation of Td values to low concentration and low scan rate thereby demonstrating that this biphasic denaturation arising from ligand redistribution during denaturation is a true thermodynamic phenomenon and not an artifact of specific experimental conditions or the method used to induce denaturation. Study holds ProTherm entries: 5140 Extra Details: denatured monomer; cooperativity; long-chain fatty acid;,thermodynamic phenomenon

Submission Details

ID: etyr8erc

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:28 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Ross PD;Shrake A,J. Biol. Chem. (1988) Decrease in stability of human albumin with increase in protein concentration. PMID:3403521
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