Protein fragments as models for events in protein folding pathways: protein engineering analysis of the association of two complementary fragments of the barley chymotrypsin inhibitor 2 (CI-2).


Abstract

Two fragments of chymotrypsin inhibitor-2, CI-2(20-59) and CI-2(60-83), derived from cyanogen bromide cleavage at Met-59, associate to give a native-like structure. We analyze the kinetics and equilibria of association of mutant fragments derived from cleaving mutant proteins at the same methionine residue. The changes in free energy of association have been measured both from isothermal studies of the binding of fragments and from thermal denaturation of the complexes. In general, there is a good correlation between the changes on mutation of the free energy of association of fragments and the changes in free energy of folding of the uncleaved parent protein. The notable exceptions are for residues in regions of the fragments that form nonnative hydrophobic clusters in the isolated fragments; mutation of the hydrophobic residues involved in these clusters decreases the equilibrium constant for formation of the noncovalent complex less than it does the equilibrium constant for folding of intact protein. The dissociated fragments must be destabilized by mutation of those hydrophobic residues, but to a lesser extent than is the complex itself. These clusters are thus less important energetically in the denatured state of the intact protein. The second-order rate constants for the major phase of association change with mutation, similar results being obtained from fluorescence measurements of the regain of tertiary structure and from circular dichroism measurements of the regain of secondary structure. The rate constants for association correlate well, in general, with the rate constants of refolding of the respective uncleaved proteins.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) Study holds ProTherm entries: 4682, 4683, 4684, 4685, 4686, 4687, 4688, 4689, 4690, 4691, 4692, 4693, 4694, 4696, 4697, 4698, 4699, 4700, 4701, 4702, 4703, 4704, 14265, 14266, 14267, 14268, 14269, 14270, 14271, 14272, 14273, 14274, 14275, 14276, 14277, 14278, 14279, 14280, 14281, 14282, 14283, 14284, 14285, 14286 Extra Details: protein engineering; hydrophobic clusters; secondary structure;,second-order rate constants; transition state

Submission Details

ID: eseiwPbW3

Submitter: Connie Wang

Submission Date: April 24, 2018, 8:27 p.m.

Version: 1

Publication Details
Ruiz-Sanz J;de Prat Gay G;Otzen DE;Fersht AR,Biochemistry (1995) Protein fragments as models for events in protein folding pathways: protein engineering analysis of the association of two complementary fragments of the barley chymotrypsin inhibitor 2 (CI-2). PMID:7849029
Additional Information

Structure view and single mutant data analysis

Study data

No weblogo for data of varying length.
Colors: D E R H K S T N Q A V I L M F Y W C G P
 

Data Distribution

Studies with similar sequences (approximate matches)

Correlation with other assays (exact sequence matches)


Relevant PDB Entries

Structure ID Release Date Resolution Structure Title
3CI2 1993-10-31 REFINEMENT OF THE THREE-DIMENSIONAL SOLUTION STRUCTURE OF BARLEY SERINE PROTEINASE INHIBITOR 2 AND COMPARISON WITH THE STRUCTURES IN CRYSTALS
1CIR 1996-01-29 COMPLEX OF TWO FRAGMENTS OF CI2 [(1-40)(DOT)(41-64)]
1CIS 1993-10-31 CONTEXT DEPENDENCE OF PROTEIN SECONDARY STRUCTURE FORMATION. THE THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE AND STABILITY OF A HYBRID BETWEEN CHYMOTRYPSIN INHIBITOR 2 AND HELIX E FROM SUBTILISIN CARLSBERG
1LW6 2002-08-21 1.5 Crystal Structure of the Complex of Subtilisin BPN' with Chymotrypsin Inhibitor 2 at 1.5 Angstrom Resolution
1YPC 1994-01-31 1.7 DIRECT OBSERVATION OF BETTER HYDRATION AT THE N-TERMINUS OF AN ALPHA-HELIX WITH GLYCINE RATHER THAN ALANINE AS N-CAP
5FFN 2016-05-18 1.8 Complex of subtilase SubTY from Bacillus sp. TY145 with chymotrypsin inhibitor CI2A
1CQ4 1998-11-25 1.8 CI2 MUTANT WITH TETRAGLUTAMINE (MGQQQQGM) REPLACING MET59
5FBZ 2016-05-18 1.9 Structure of subtilase SubHal from Bacillus halmapalus - complex with chymotrypsin inhibitor CI2A
2CI2 1988-09-07 2.0 CRYSTAL AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE OF THE SERINE PROTEINASE INHIBITOR CI-2 FROM BARLEY SEEDS
1YPB 1994-01-31 2.0 DIRECT OBSERVATION OF BETTER HYDRATION AT THE N-TERMINUS OF AN ALPHA-HELIX WITH GLYCINE RATHER THAN ALANINE AS N-CAP
1YPA 1994-01-31 2.0 DIRECT OBSERVATION OF BETTER HYDRATION AT THE N-TERMINUS OF AN ALPHA-HELIX WITH GLYCINE RATHER THAN ALANINE AS N-CAP
2SNI 1988-09-07 2.1 STRUCTURAL COMPARISON OF TWO SERINE PROTEINASE-PROTEIN INHIBITOR COMPLEXES. EGLIN-C-SUBTILISIN CARLSBERG AND CI-2-SUBTILISIN NOVO
1COA 1994-01-31 2.2 THE EFFECT OF CAVITY CREATING MUTATIONS IN THE HYDROPHOBIC CORE OF CHYMOTRYPSIN INHIBITOR 2
1CIQ 1996-03-08 2.2 COMPLEX OF TWO FRAGMENTS OF CI2, RESIDUES 1-40 AND 41-64

Relevant UniProtKB Entries

Percent Identity Matching Chains Protein Accession Entry Name
92.6 Subtilisin-chymotrypsin inhibitor-2A P08626 ICI3_HORVU
100.0 Subtilisin-chymotrypsin inhibitor-2A P01053 ICI2_HORVU